Li-Jung Pong

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OBJECTIVE The Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index (HAQ), used as a disability and outcome measurement in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), has been validated in several languages, but not in Chinese. Our aim was to validate the Chinese version of HAQ (Chinese-HAQ) to suit the needs of Chinese speaking patients with RA in an Asian setting. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the reliability, validity and sensitivity to change of a Chinese version of the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) in Chinese-speaking patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Singapore. METHODS The psychometric properties of the Chinese Hong Kong standard version of the SF-36 were assessed in 401 RA patients. The construct(More)
OBJECTIVES Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a chronic illness with an unpredictable and variable course, profoundly affects the quality of life (QOL). General health questionnaires are used to assess QOL in SLE, but a disease-specific instrument could offer enhanced responsiveness and content validity. We detail the steps we took to develop and validate(More)
It is unclear whether patients use alternative medicine because of psychological distress associated with their disease or philosophical congruence with this form of treatment. Therefore, we have studied why patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) employ alternative medicine. We interviewed 192 consecutive Chinese SLE outpatients in a tertiary-care(More)
Improving market orientation and patient safety have become the key concerns of nursing management. For nurses, establishing a patient safety climate is the key to enhancing nursing quality. This study explores how market orientation affects the climate of patient safety among hospital nurses. We proposed adopting a cross-sectional research design and using(More)
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