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BACKGROUND Azoospermia factor c (AZFc) subdeletions were reported to be significant risk factors for spermatogenesis. In this study, we assessed the occurrence of classical AZF deletions and AZFc subdeletions and their impact on male infertility in a Han-Chinese population. METHODS This study analysed a population of 699 subjects, including 451 idiopathic(More)
The presenilins and nicastrin, a type 1 transmembrane glycoprotein, form high molecular weight complexes that are involved in cleaving the beta-amyloid precursor protein (betaAPP) and Notch in their transmembrane domains. The former process (termed gamma-secretase cleavage) generates amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta), which is involved in the pathogenesis of(More)
Presenilin proteins play critical roles in the proteolytic processing of both Notch and amyloid precursor protein (APP). Presenilin itself undergoes endoproteolytic processing to generate an N-terminal and C-terminal fragment. As demonstrated previously, overexpression of presenilin 1 (PS1) holoprotein does not change the levels of the N-terminal and(More)
Substance P (SP) is a potent modulator of neuroimmunoregulation. SP receptors are present on human monocytes and T lymphocytes, and SP alters the function of these immune cells. We investigated the effects of SP on HIV-1 replication in latently infected human immune cells. SP significantly enhanced HIV-1 replication in the latently infected promonocytic(More)
The calpain inhibitor N-acetyl-leucyl-leucyl-norleucinal (ALLN) has been reported to have complex effects on the production of the beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta). In this study, the effects of ALLN on the processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) to Abeta were examined in 293 cells expressing APP or the C-terminal 100 amino acids of APP (C100). In(More)
A method utilizing exogenously added [3H]PtdIns incubated with membranes prepared from postmoretem human brain has been shown to provide a means of measuring agonist-induced, guanosine 5'-O-(thiotriphosphate) (GTP[S])-dependent hydrolysis of [3H]PtdIns, thus allowing investigations of the activity of the phosphoinositide second-messenger system in(More)
Lithium has neuroprotective effects in a number of model systems which may contribute to the therapeutic effects of lithium in mood disorders. Because the tumor suppressor p53 is linked to cell death, we tested whether lithium administration to human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells modulated the activation of p53. After treatment of cells with H7 (25, 50, and(More)
The function of the phosphoinositide signal transduction system was compared in membranes from Alzheimer's disease (AD) and control postmortem brain. [3H]Phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis was concentration-dependently stimulated by GTP[S] and this was 40% lower than controls in AD prefrontal cortical membranes. Carbachol induced a response greater than that(More)
Efflux of monocaroxylates like lactate, pyruvate, and ketone bodies from astrocytes through monocarboxylate transporter 4 (MCT4) supplies the local neuron population with metabolic intermediates to meet energy requirements under conditions of increased demand. Disruption of this astroglial-neuron metabolic coupling pathway may contribute to epileptogenesis.(More)