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The ability of the echolocating bat, Eptesicus fuscus, to detect a sonar target is affected by the presence of other targets along the same axis at slightly different ranges. If echoes from one target arrive at about the same delay as echoes from another target, clutter interference occurs and one set of echoes masks the other. Although the bat's sonar(More)
Past experiments show that echolocating bats of the species Myotis lucifugus and Eptesicus fuscus can discriminate among airborne sonar targets presented in the context of pursuit maneuvers for the interception of prey. These bats distinguish between edible mealworms and inedible spheres of various sizes. Myotis can distinguish between disks and mealworms(More)
Curcumin, an active principle contained in rhizome of Curcuma longa, has been mentioned to show merit for diabetes through its anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. In the present study, we found that curcumin caused a concentration-dependent increase of glucose uptake into skeletal muscle isolated from Wistar rats. This action was inhibited by(More)
We study the width-amplitude relation for three-dimensional Bernstein-Greene-Kruskal (BGK) electrostatic solitary waves in magnetized plasmas, taking into account the dynamics of both electrons and ions. We obtain two coupled inequalities that constrain the amplitude and the widths parallel and perpendicular to the magnetic field for a Gaussian potential,(More)
The contact pressure on the vocal fold surface during high pitch or amplitude voice production is believed to be one major source of phonotrauma. Models for the quantitative estimate of the contact pressure may be valuable for prevention and treatment. Various indirect and minimally invasive approaches have been purported to estimate contact pressure. But(More)
Background: Imidazoline I 3 receptors (I-3R) can regulate insulin secretion in pancreatic β-cells. It has been indicated that allantoin ameliorates hyperglycemia by activating imidazoline I 2 receptors (I-2R). Thus, the effect of allantoin on I-3R is identified in the present study.
The present study investigates the changes of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors δ (PPAR δ ) expression and troponin phosphorylation in heart of rats which were treated with doxorubicin (DOX). Wistar rats which were treated with DOX according to a previous method. The protein levels of PPAR δ and troponin phosphorylation were measured using Western(More)
The klotho gene is expressed in a limited number of tissues, most notably in distal convoluted tubules in the kidney and choroid plexus in the brain. A previous study suggested that Klotho increases resistance to oxidative stress. However, changes of Klotho expression in high glucose-induced oxidative stress remain unclear. In the present study, we used(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetic cardiomyopathy, a diabetes-specific complication, refers to a disorder that eventually leads to left ventricular hypertrophy in addition to diastolic and systolic dysfunction. In recent studies, hyperglycemia-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cardiomyocytes have been linked to diabetic cardiomyopathy. GATA binding protein 4(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the role of tumor necrosis factor-α in bladder dysfunction associated with obesity. METHODS Male 8-week-old C57BL/6J mice were divided into three groups: (i) control mice; (ii) vehicle-treated high-fat diet-fed mice; and (iii) etanercept-treated high-fat diet-fed mice. High-fat diet feeding lasted for 12 weeks, vehicle or etanercept(More)