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An LC-MS/MS method was developed for the simultaneous determination of chlorogenic acid, forsythiaside A and baicalin, three major ingredients in Shuang-huang-lian preparations, in rat plasma. Following extraction by methanol-ethyl acetate-trifluoroacetic acid (49:49:2, v/v/v), the extracted analytes were separated on a reverse phase C12 column using a(More)
The objective of this study was to prepare the nanocrystals of curcumin didecanoate (CurDD) by wet ball milling and to investigate the comparative pharmacokinetics of oily nano- and micro-suspensions after intramuscular (i.m.) administration to rats. Upon optimizing the wet ball milling parameters, CurDD nanocrystals were produced with median particle size(More)
The development of dry powder inhalation (DPI) products of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) remains to be a challenge due to chemical complexity and batch-to-batch variations in constituent composition. This study was to investigate the feasibility of using spray-dried corrugated particles to improve the aerodynamic performance of a TCM, Shuang-Huang-Lian(More)
The objective of the present study was to investigate the biodistribution profiles of rizatriptan in the blood and brain of Wistar rats after peroral, subcutaneous, intranasal and intratracheal administration with a particular view to determining the applicability of inhalation delivery to achieve rapid and high availability of the drug in both blood and(More)
UNLABELLED ETHNOPHARMAOCOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Shuang-Huang-Lian (SHL) is a traditional Chinese formula and has been used for the treatment of respiratory tract infections by inhalation. However, the pulmonary toxicity via inhalation is largely uninvestigated. AIM OF STUDY To evaluate the pulmonary toxicity of SHL following in vivo intratracheal spray to(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY To investigate the effect of Acorus gramineus (AG), a supposed 'delivering servant' according to traditional Chinese medicine principles governing multi-herb formula preparation and formulation, on facilitating the uptake of ginsenosides Rg1, Re and Rb1 to the brain after oral administration of Kai-Xin-San (KXS) preparations. MATERIALS(More)
The objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of mucoadhesive excipients on systemic bioavailability of an inhaled drug and to evaluate the feasibility of using the pulmonary route for non-invasive systemic delivery of scutellarin, a poorly orally absorbed flavonoid glucuronide. Following intratracheal spray of the scutellarin solution, the(More)
Polymeric micelles represent interesting delivery systems for pulmonary sustained release. However, little is known about their in vivo release and translocation profile after delivery to the lungs. In the present study, curcumin acetate (CA), which is an ester prodrug of curcumin, or the mixture of CA and Nile red was encapsulated into PEG–PLGA micelles by(More)
The objective of this study was to prepare solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) for sustained pulmonary delivery of Yuxingcao essential oil (YEO). Three YEO loaded SLNs (SLN-200, SLN-400 and SLN-800) with different particle size were prepared and separated following a high-shear homogenization technique using Compritol 888 ATO as lipid and polyvinyl alcohol as(More)
Use of soft drugs has resulted in mixed success with the applicability to chemotherapeutics yet being confirmed. We hypothesize that incorporation of a soft cytotoxic agent into polymeric micelles, which confer to stabilizing and sustained release effect, will improve and prolong the local antitumor efficacy, thus achieving the therapeutic potential of soft(More)