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PURPOSE To determine whether changes in the eye's effective refractive state produce changes in the thickness of the choroid in infant monkeys. METHODS Normal developmental changes in choroidal thickness were studied in 10 normal rhesus monkeys. Hyperopia or myopia was induced by rearing 26 infant monkeys with either spectacle or diffuser lenses secured(More)
PURPOSE Given the prominence of central vision in humans, it has been assumed that visual signals from the fovea dominate emmetropization. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of peripheral vision on emmetropization. METHODS Bilateral, peripheral form deprivation was produced in 12 infant monkeys by rearing them with diffusers that had(More)
Early in life, the two eyes of infant primates normally grow in a coordinated manner toward the ideal refractive state. We investigated the extent to which lens-induced changes in the effective focus of the eye affected refractive development in infant rhesus monkeys. The main finding was that spectacle lenses could predictably alter the growth of one or(More)
PURPOSE Although many aspects of vision-dependent eye growth are qualitatively similar in many species, the failure to observe recovery from form-deprivation myopia (FDM) in higher primates represents a significant potential departure. The purpose of this investigation was to re-examine the ability of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) to recover from FDM. (More)
In each of eight rhesus monkeys, one eye was defocused with a -9 D contact lens beginning before 1 month of age for periods of 2-3 months. At the end of the rearing period, interocular comparisons showed that one subject had developed a relative axial myopia (3.0 D), however, five monkeys had developed a relative axial hyperopia (2.0-3.5 D). After(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effect of continuous light exposure on ocular growth and emmetropization in infant monkeys. METHODS Nine infant rhesus monkeys were reared with the normal vivarium lights on continuously. The 24-hour light cycle was initiated between 1 and 4 weeks of age and maintained for 6 months. The ocular effects of continuous light were(More)
Optical defocus can within certain limits predictably alter ocular growth and refractive development in infant monkeys. However defocus, particularly unilateral defocus associated with anisometropia, can also promote abnormal sensory and motor development. We investigated the relationship between the effective operating range for emmetropization in infant(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between refractive errors and high-order aberrations in infant rhesus monkeys. Specifically, we compared the monochromatic wave aberrations measured with a Shack-Hartman wavefront sensor between normal monkeys and monkeys with vision-induced refractive errors. Shortly after birth, both normal(More)
PURPOSE To characterize how the mechanisms that produce unilateral form-deprivation amblyopia integrate the effects of normal and abnormal vision over time, the effects of brief daily periods of unrestricted vision on the spatial vision losses produced by monocular form deprivation were investigated in infant monkeys. METHODS Beginning at 3 weeks of age,(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the temporal integration properties of the mechanisms responsible for form-deprivation myopia (FDM), the effects of brief daily periods of unrestricted vision on the degree of FDM were investigated in infant monkeys. METHODS Starting at approximately 3 weeks of age, unilateral form deprivation was produced in 24 infant rhesus(More)