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Motor actions of myosin were directly visualized by electron tomography of insect flight muscle quick-frozen during contraction. In 3D images, active cross-bridges are usually single myosin heads, bound preferentially to actin target zones sited midway between troponins. Active attached bridges (approximately 30% of all heads) depart markedly in axial and(More)
Hsp70/Hsp90-organizing protein (HOP) is a member of the co-chaperone family, which directly binds to chaperones to regulate their activities. The participation of HOP in cell motility and endothelial cell functions remains largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that HOP is critically involved in endothelial cell migration and angiogenesis. Tube(More)
Prediction of the three-dimensional structure of a protein from its amino acid sequence can be considered as a global optimization problem. In this paper, the Chaotic Artificial Bee Colony (CABC) algorithm was introduced and applied to 3D protein structure prediction. Based on the 3D off-lattice AB model, the CABC algorithm combines global search and local(More)
  • Ting-Jen Yen, Dissertation Advisor, Chien Chang, Hseu-Ming Chen, Li Chen, Huachie Lee +1 other
  • 2003
To my parents iii iv Acknowledgment I thank my research advisor, Professor Chee K. Yap, for his role in inspiring this project as well as for his ongoing guidance, and careful reading of several drafts of my dissertation. I would also like to express my appreciation to Professor Davi Geiger and Professor Ernest Davis for reading my dissertation and making(More)
OBJECTIVE Laminar shear stress plays critical roles in vascular homeostasis and exerts various metabolic effects on endothelial cells (ECs). Stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD1), which catalyzes the biosynthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids, affects the lipid composition and fluidity of the cell membrane. Thus, we examined the effect of laminar flow on SCD1(More)
Dynamic and cellular histomorphometry of trabeculae is the most biologically relevant way of assessing steady state bone health. Traditional measurement involves manual visual feature identification by a trained and qualified professional. Inherent with this methodology is the time and cost expenditure, as well as the subjectivity that naturally arises(More)
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