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After operative restoration, some monomers released from dentin bonding agents or composite resin may induce tissue inflammation and affect the vitality of dental pulp. Whether BisGMA, a major monomer of composite resin, may induce prostaglandin release and cytotoxicity to pulp cells and their mechanisms awaits investigation. We found that BisGMA induced(More)
INTRODUCTION Autophagy is a process for recycling intracellular organelles as a survival mechanism. Apoptosis has important biological roles in the pathogenesis of many diseases. This study elucidated the effect of simvastatin on autophagy/apoptosis in MC3T3E1 murine osteoblastic cells and also the significance of this action on the progression of induced(More)
BACKGROUND The role of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in periapical lesion-induced bone resorption was investigated. Polymyxin B (PMB), a specific inhibitor of LPS, was evaluated to treat the apical lesion. METHODS Lipopolysaccharide isolated from two common endodontic pathogens, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Porphyromonas endodontalis, stimulated mouse(More)
PURPOSE Implant anchors such as miniscrews and miniplates have been loaded immediately for anchorage during orthodontic treatment. The purpose of this study was to measure the removal torque of immediately loaded miniscrews after clinical usage and to determine the possible factors associated with this value. MATERIALS AND METHODS From 29 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Needlestick/sharps injuries (NSI) are a major occupational hazard among healthcare workers. Since needles and sharps are commonly used during dental procedures, workers in the dental profession are especially prone to sharps-related injuries. In this study, NSI among workers in the dental department of National Taiwan University Hospital(More)
INTRODUCTION Vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1) plays a critical role in the inflammatory processes by stimulating the recruitment, extravasation, and migration of leukocytes. Its expression and regulation in the dental pulp is not well elucidated. METHODS Primary dental pulp cells were exposed to prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), prostaglandin F(2α)(More)
PURPOSE A 3-dimensional finite element model consisting of a bone block and 2 simulated premolar crowns supported by 2 adjacent cylindric implants without immediately surrounding cortical bone was generated and used to investigate the effects of prosthesis materials and prosthesis splinting on the peri-implant bone stress under static loads. MATERIALS AND(More)
INTRODUCTION In this study, the role of transcription factor Forkhead/winged helix box protein O3a (FoxO3a) in Cyr61 expression and its modulation by simvastatin were investigated in cultured murine osteoblasts and a rat model of induced apical periodontitis. We also examined the effects of simvastatin on the synthesis of chemokine CCL2 and chemotaxis of(More)
Although intrusion of natural tooth abutments in tooth-implant connected fixed prostheses has been reported, it can also occur to a free-standing natural tooth bounded by implant prostheses. For the patient described in this article, intrusion was noted with a natural tooth bounded by 2 implant-supported prostheses 5 months after insertion of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the role of sirtuin-1 (SIRT-1)/FoxO3a in the expression of cysteine-rich protein 61 (CYR-61) in rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASFs) and the influence of simvastatin on this pathway, and to determine the relationship between disease progression and FoxO3a/CYR-61 signaling in synovial fibroblasts in vivo using a rat model of(More)