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Implementation of an outdoor navigation system for a mobile robot is described in this paper. In this system, two optical encoders are used to perform dead-reckoning for the mobile robot. Meanwhile, an electronic compass and a GPS receiver are used for self-localization of the robot. Fusing the sensory data from dead-reckoning and self-localization,(More)
The time-optimal control problem of a three-wheeled omni-directional mobile robot is addressed in this paper. Different from usual cases, in which the Pontryagin's minimum principle (PMP) is used, an iterative procedure is proposed to transform the time-optimal problem into a nonlinear programming (NLP) one. In the NLP problem, the count of control steps is(More)
A CCD camera, a stepping motor and three artificial landmarks are used for localization of a mobile robot. The CCD camera is mounted on the robot and its rotation is controlled by the stepping motor. Then from the images captured by the CCD camera, image-processing techniques are used to determine the distances between the CCD camera and the three(More)
Contrast enhancement plays a crucial role in the field of image processing. Histogram equalization is a simple and automatic method for contrast enhancement. Conventional contrast-enhancement techniques, such as histogram specification and contrast stretching, require manual parameters to achieve satisfactory results. To automatically produce enhanced(More)