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In a medical centre in northern Taiwan, 60 patients had bloodstream infection caused by Enterobacter cloacae from 1 January 2002 to 30 April 2003. Forty (66.7%) were nosocomial and 26 were caused by multiresistant isolates. Twenty patients died due to the infection. Central venous catheterization and mechanical ventilation were relative risks for nosocomial(More)
AIMS To determine factors related to the discrepancy in patient- and proxy-rated quality of life for patients with dementia; whether this discrepancy is associated with characteristics of patients, caregivers or the caregiver-patient relationship; and which characteristics best predict this discrepancy. BACKGROUND To increase the reliability of quality of(More)
AIM This paper is a report of an exploration of the effects of self-efficacy and different dimensions of self-management on quality of life among kidney transplant recipients. BACKGROUND Self-efficacy is an important factor influencing self-management. Patients with higher self-efficacy have better self-management and experience better quality of life.(More)
AIMS The aim of this study is to quantify the amount and causes of stress in renal transplant recipients. BACKGROUND After renal transplantation, patients may encounter physical and psychosocial problems. Through patient collaboration with healthcare professionals, treatment after transplantation is aimed at restoring and maintaining a 'normal' life. To(More)
BACKGROUND Health related quality of life (HRQOL) is an important issue for long-term kidney transplantation (KT) patients. Nevertheless, few studies have focused on long-term HRQOL in KT recipients with a functional graft. Thus, the aim of this study is to describe the long-term (10-year) HRQOL of KT recipients. METHODS This is a cross-sectional and(More)
Palliative Performance Scale (PPS) scores have shown potential for prognosticating survival in Caucasian samples, but have not been studied for prognostic value in cancer patients from minority groups. Using data obtained from a retrospective chart audit of 492 cancer patients admitted over an 18-month period to a minority-serving home-based hospice and(More)
AIM This paper is a report of a study to explore the self-management behaviours of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a major cause of chronic morbidity and mortality throughout the world. A patient-centred perspective calls for the investigation of self-management behaviours as(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to examine the effect of self-efficacy on depression and to consider the mediating effect of self-care behaviour. BACKGROUND Depression is a problem for kidney transplant recipients and can compromise their quality of life. From other studies on chronic illnesses, self-efficacy and self-care behaviour have been considered to(More)
BACKGROUND Fatigue is a debilitating symptom in haemodialysis patients. Qigong presents a potentially safe modality of treatment for chronic fatigue patients but has not yet been evaluated in haemodialysis patients. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to investigate whether qigong exercise affects fatigue in haemodialysis patients. DESIGN A 6-month(More)
UNLABELLED ESSENTIALS: There is little prospective information on genetic risk scores to predict venous thromboembolism (VT). Community based cohort followed a median of 22.6 years for VT occurrence. A 5-SNP risk score identified whites at risk of VT, but not African Americans. The utility of genetic risk scores for VT is yet to be established. BACKGROUND(More)