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Facility layout (FL) design presents a particularly interesting area of study because of its relatively high level of attention to aesthetics and usability qualities, in addition to common engineering objectives such as cost and performance. However, this generally presents a difficult combinatorial optimization problem for engineers. Swarm intelligence, an(More)
The construction site layout (CSL) design presents a particularly interesting area of study because of its relatively high level of attention to usability qualities, in addition to common engineering objectives such as cost and performance. However, it is difficult combinatorial optimization problem for engineers. Swarm intelligence (SI) was very popular(More)
  • L Lien
  • 1994
In 1990, world political leaders decided to make an effort to reduce childhood mortality in developing countries. One of several formulated goals was to reduce childhood mortality by one third compared with the figures for 1990. The child health programmes, which include vaccination, diarrhoeal and respiratory infection programmes, have already managed to(More)
The construction site layout (CSL) design presents a particularly interesting area of study because of its relatively high level of attention to usability qualities, in addition to common engineering objectives such as cost and performance. However, it is difficult combinatorial optimization problem for engineers. Swarm intelligence (SI) was very popular(More)
Artificial Intelligence (AI) approaches are widely applied to various civil engineering problems. This paper focuses on an approach to assessing project success using AI approaches including K-means Clustering, Genetic Algorithm (GA), Fuzzy Logic (FL), and Neural Network (NN). As various factors at different construction stages affect project performance,(More)
  • L Lien
  • 1992
Ten district physicians in the county of Finnmark were interviewed in order to focus on physicians' attitudes in cases ending up with a disability pension. The interviews were based on a study of the physicians' five most recent disability pension cases. The study and the interviews disclosed that physicians in Finnmark play an active part in the process(More)
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