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Facility layout (FL) design presents a particularly interesting area of study because of its relatively high level of attention to aesthetics and usability qualities, in addition to common engineering objectives such as cost and performance. However, this generally presents a difficult combinatorial optimization problem for engineers. Swarm intelligence, an(More)
The construction site layout (CSL) design presents a particularly interesting area of study because of its relatively high level of attention to usability qualities, in addition to common engineering objectives such as cost and performance. However, it is difficult combinatorial optimization problem for engineers. Swarm intelligence (SI) was very popular(More)
Artificial Intelligence (AI) approaches are widely applied to various civil engineering problems. This paper focuses on an approach to assessing project success using AI approaches including K-means Clustering, Genetic Algorithm (GA), Fuzzy Logic (FL), and Neural Network (NN). As various factors at different construction stages affect project performance,(More)
The construction site layout (CSL) design presents a particularly interesting area of study because of its relatively high level of attention to usability qualities, in addition to common engineering objectives such as cost and performance. However, it is difficult combinatorial optimization problem for engineers. Swarm intelligence (SI) was very popular(More)
OBJECTIVES Tophi deposits are a well-known cause of joint destruction, gouty nephropathy and spinal cord compression. This study reports another major complication of gout, namely tophi deposition causing limited knee joint excursion. METHODS Seven gout patients with limited knee joint excursion owing to tophi deposition were studied to reveal clinical(More)
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