Li Bin Zhang

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We have, in the accompanying work, demonstrated the coexistence of M2 and M3 muscarinic receptors in the circular smooth muscle of canine colon. In the present study, the effects of muscarinic receptor stimulation on phosphoinositide turnover and adenylate cyclase activity were examined. In myo-[3H]inositol-labeled circular smooth muscle strips, carbachol(More)
The role of phosphatidylinositol (PI) turnover in excitation-contraction coupling was investigated in canine antral smooth muscle. Acetylcholine (ACh; 0.1-1 microM) transiently increased tissue levels of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P3] and increased the amplitudes of the plateau phase of slow waves and associated Ca2+ transients and phasic(More)
Type 1 wild-vaccine recombinant polioviruses were isolated from poliomyelitis patients in China from 1991 to 1993. We compared the sequences of 34 recombinant isolates over the 1,353-nucleotide (nt) genomic interval (nt 2480 to 3832) encoding the major capsid protein, VP1, and the protease, 2A. All recombinants had a 367-nt block of sequence (nt 3271 to(More)
This paper describes the speech and audio codec that has been submitted to ITU-T by Huawei and ETRI as a candidate for the upcoming super-wideband and stereo extensions of Rec. G.729.1 and G.718. The core codec in the current implementation is G.729.1 and the encoded frequency range is increased from 7 kHz to 14 kHz. Therefore, the maximum bit rate is(More)
Silence compression scheme is essential for efficient voice communication systems. It allows a significant reduction of transmission bandwidth during silence period where only parametric descriptions of the background noise are transmitted. A silence compression scheme includes a voice activity detection (VAD), a discontinuous transmission (DTX), a silence(More)
The effects of beta-adrenergic receptor stimulation on the electrical and mechanical activity of canine colonic circular muscles were compared with forskolin (Fsk), a known stimulator of adenylate cyclase. The actions of isoproterenol (Iso) were mediated by beta 2-receptors. Iso and Fsk increased intracellular adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)(More)
A capture-ELISA for detecting IgM in CSF was developed for the purpose of rapid and early diagnosis of herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis. In 37 cases with sporadic HSV encephalitis the CSF IgM was measured. In 13 cases the results were positive, in the others it was negative. 17 cases with other central nervous system disorders were taken as control(More)
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