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The subventricular zone (SVZ) is the largest germinal zone in the mature rodent brain, and it continuously produces young neurons that migrate to the olfactory bulb. Neural stem cells in this region generate migratory neuroblasts via highly proliferative transit-amplifying cells. The Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway partially regulates the proliferation(More)
Here we report on the discovery of a series of maleimides which have high potency and good selectivity for GSK-3beta. The incorporation of polar groups afforded compounds with good bioavailability. The most potent compound 34 has an IC(50) of 0.6nM for GSK-3beta, over 100-fold selectivity against a panel of other kinases, and shows efficacy in rat(More)
A novel series of highly selective JNK inhibitors based on the 4-quinolone scaffold was designed and synthesized. Structure based drug design was utilized to guide the compound design as well as improvements in the physicochemical properties of the series. Compound (13c) has an IC(50) of 62/170 nM for JNK1/2, excellent kinase selectivity and impressive(More)
A series of amino-pyrimidines was developed based upon an initial kinase cross-screening hit from a CDK2 program. Kinase profiling and structure-based drug design guided the optimization from the initial 1,2,3-benzotriazole hit to a potent and selective JNK inhibitor, compound 24f (JNK1 and 2 IC(50)=16 and 66 nM, respectively), with bioavailability in rats(More)
A novel series of indole/indazole-aminopyrimidines was designed and synthesized with an aim to achieve optimal potency and selectivity for the c-Jun kinase family or JNKs. Structure guided design was used to optimize the series resulting in a significant potency improvement. The best compound (17) has IC50 of 3 nM for JNK1 and 20 nM for JNK2, with greater(More)
In the past few years, there have been many advances in the efforts to cure patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV). The ultimate goal of these efforts is to develop a combination therapy consisting of only direct-antiviral agents (DAAs). In this paper, we discuss our efforts that led to the identification of a bicyclic template with potent activity against(More)
BACKGROUND Since the mid-1990s, there has been significant effort invested in the discovery and clinical development of CC chemokine receptor-3 (CCR3) antagonists as potential therapeutics for airway disease. OBJECTIVES/METHODS A patent literature review is presented of small molecule CCR3 antagonists comprising the years 2004 to the present. The patent(More)
As part of our investigation into the development of potent CCR3 antagonists, a series of piperidine analogues was designed and prepared. Exploration of the piperidine core examined both the basicity and the location of a nitrogen, as well as conformational variants. The bicyclo-piperidine 24c was found to be the most potent inhibitor of CCR3 with an IC(50)(More)
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