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It is important to understand human kinematics and muscle activation patterns in emergency maneuvers for the design of safety systems and for the further development of human models. The objective of this study was to quantify kinematic behavior and muscle activation in simulated steering tests in several realistic conditions. In total 108 tests were(More)
This paper develops a method for studying pedestrian to car impacts through detailed multi-body modeling of various pedestrian anthropometries and vehicle types. The pedestrian models constitute a multi-body representation of the global joint kinematics and inertia for five representative body sizes. Advanced injury criteria are defined for the pedestrian(More)
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