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It has been shown that major histocompatibility complex (MHC) types affect the mating choices of mice and that mice can be trained to distinguish arms of a Y maze scented by odors from MHC-congeneic mice. It is now shown that sensory discrimination of MHC types by trained mice in the Y maze is equally effective with urine as the source of odors. Trained(More)
When a male mouse is presented with two H-2 congenic two female in estrus, his choice of a mate is influenced by their H-2 types. The term "strain preference" is used to describe the general tendency of the male population of one inbred strain to prefer two female of one H-2 type rather than another. The term "consistency of choice" is used to describe the(More)
Inbred male mice typically prefer to mate with females of a different, non-self H-2 haplotype. To determine whether this natural preference is irrevocable or results from familial imprinting, a test system was used which relied on previous observations that B6 males (H-2b) mate preferentially with congenic B6-H-2k rather than B6 females, and B6-H-2k males(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate human umbilical cord blood as an alternative to bone marrow in the provision of transplantable stem/progenitor cells for hematopoietic reconstitution. Although no direct quantitative assay for human hematopoietic repopulating cells is at present available, the granulocyte-macrophage progenitor cell (CFU-GM) assay(More)
Fatal shock was produced in animals by drum trauma, temporary occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery, and bacterial endotoxin. Measurements were made of release of beta glucuronidase and cathepsins from the large granule fractions of livers, and of levels of circulating beta glucuronidase and acid phosphatase in these animals. Experiments were also(More)
Previous studies of mating preference signified that mice can sense one another's major histocompatibility complex (MHC) types, probably by olfaction. This conclusion has now been substantiated by the use of a Y-maze whose two arms were differentially scented with currents of air conducted through boxes occupied by B6 (H-2b) males and by B6-H-2k congenic(More)
Genetic polymorphism in the H-2:Qa:Tla region of chromosome 17 is associated with constitutive variation of bodily odor phenotypes which permit individual olfactory recognition among mice. To determine whether known genes in the H-2:Qa:Tla complex are concerned in the constitution of odor phenotypes, mice were tested for their ability to sense a difference(More)
During continuous subcutaneous or intravenous insulin infusion therapy, many patients with insulin-dependent diabetes (IDD) require more insulin in the prebreakfast period (0600-0800 h) than earlier in the morning (0100-0300 h). This study was designed to assess whether variations in insulin clearance or insulin sensitivity might contribute to overnight(More)
In insulin-dependent diabetics, insulin requirements increase significantly after 0600 h, resulting in prebreakfast hyperglycemia with either conventional insulin therapy or constant insulin infusions with insulin infusion devices. In order to clarify the role of the pituitary-adrenocortical axis and further examine the mechanisms of the phenomenon of(More)
After a 0100-0300 h nadir, the insulin requirements to maintain blood glucose at 90-110 mg/dl increase substantially in the prebreakfast (0600-0800 h) period in some insulin-dependent diabetic patients (IDDMs). Early insulin-like and delayed insulin-antagonistic effects of physiologic early morning increases in growth hormone (hGH) secretion may account for(More)