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This paper describes the use of novel two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) pulse sequences to provide insight into protein dynamics. The sequences developed permit the measurement of the relaxation properties of individual nuclei in macromolecules, thereby providing a powerful experimental approach to the study of local protein mobility. For(More)
The backbone 1H and 15N resonances of the N-terminal SH3 domain of the Drosophila signaling adapter protein, drk, have been assigned. This domain is in slow exchange on the NMR timescale between folded and predominantly unfolded states. Data were collected on both states simultaneously, on samples of the SH3 in near physiological buffer exhibiting an(More)
The solution structure of a human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) Rev peptide bound to stem-loop IIB of the Rev response element (RRE) RNA was solved by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The Rev peptide has an alpha-helical conformation and binds in the major groove of the RNA near a purine-rich internal loop. Several arginine side chains make(More)
The application of three-dimensional (3D) heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy to the sequential assignment of the 1H NMR spectra of larger proteins is presented, using uniformly labeled (approximately 95%) [15N]interleukin 1 beta, a protein of 153 residues and molecular mass of 17.4 kDa, as an example. The two-dimensional (2D) 600-MHz spectra of interleukin 1(More)
p53 is a nuclear phosphoprotein that regulates cellular fate after genotoxic stress through its role as a transcriptional regulator of genes involved in cell cycle control and apoptosis. The C-terminal region of p53 is known to negatively regulate sequence specific DNA-binding of p53; modifications to the C-terminus relieve this inhibition. Two models have(More)
A heteronuclear correlation experiment is described which permits simultaneous characterization of both 15N longitudinal decay rates and slow conformational exchange rates. Data pertaining to the exchange between folded and unfolded forms of an SH3 domain is used to illustrate the technique. Because the unfolded form of the molecule, on average, shows(More)
A novel approach is described for obtaining sequential assignment of the backbone 1H, 13C, and 15N resonances of larger proteins. The approach is demonstrated for the protein calmodulin (16.7 kDa), uniformly (approximately 95%) labeled with 15N and 13C. Sequential assignment of the backbone residues by standard methods was not possible because of the very(More)
A method is presented for the determination of values of the spectral density function, J(omega), describing the dynamics of amide bond vectors from 15N relaxation parameters alone. Assuming that the spectral density is given by the sum of Lorentzian functions, the approach allows values of J(omega) to be obtained at omega = 0, omega N and 0.870 omega H,(More)
A unique feature of chemical catalysis mediated by enzymes is that the catalytically reactive atoms are embedded within a folded protein. Although current understanding of enzyme function has been focused on the chemical reactions and static three-dimensional structures, the dynamic nature of proteins has been proposed to have a function in catalysis. The(More)
Intrinsically disordered proteins play critical but often poorly understood roles in mediating protein interactions. The interactions of disordered proteins studied to date typically entail structural stabilization, whether as a global disorder-to-order transition or minimal ordering of short linear motifs. The disordered cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)(More)