In 1948, Wolff and Chaikoff reported that organic binding of iodide in the thyroid was decreased when plasma iodide levels were elevated (acute Wolff-Chaikoff effect), and that adaptation or escape from the acute effect occurred in approximately 2 days, in the presence of continued high plasma iodide concentrations. We later demonstrated that the escape is… (More)
Acknowledgments We would like to recognize Elliot Sternthal, MD, FACE, and Joseph Vassalotti, MD, for their review of these guidelines and thoughtful comments.
OBJECTIVE To relate serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) to risk of Alzheimer disease (AD) dementia and to brain volumes in a dementia-free community sample spanning middle and older ages. METHODS Dementia-free Framingham participants from generation 1 (n = 789, age 79 ± 4 years, 64% women) and generation 2 (n = 2,793, age 61 ± 9 years, 55% women;… (More)
Iodine is a micronutrient required for thyroid hormone production. This review highlights the history of the discovery of iodine and its uses, discusses the sources of iodine nutrition, and summarizes the current recommendations for iodine intake with a focus on women of childbearing age.
Several lines of evidence suggest that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) may contribute to the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid disease. It is not known, however, whether increased thyroidal TNFalpha levels are associated with changes in thyroid function. The purpose of the present study was to utilize in situ hybridization histochemistry and… (More)
The administration of iodide to pregnant and nursing rats induces hypothyroidism in the term fetus and neonatal rat through age 10 days as indicated by an increase in the serum concentration of thyroid-stimulating hormone and a decrease in the serum of thyroxine and triiodothyronine. Thyroid function returned to normal from age 18 through 60 days in spite… (More)
BACKGROUND Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are flame-retardant chemicals that are added to many consumer products. Multiple animal studies have shown PBDEs to be thyroid hormone (TH) disruptors. Epidemiologic evidence of PBDE exposure associated with TH disruption has been inconclusive. OBJECTIVES We used repeated measures to estimate associations… (More)
phocytic thyroiditis and diabetes in the BB/W rat. A new model of autoimmune endocrinopathy. 1990. Human HLA-DRb gene hypervariable region homology in the biobreeding BB rat: Selection of the diabetic-resistant subline as a rheu-matoid arthritis research tool to characterize the immunopathologic response to human type II collagen.
Chronic feeding of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfated metabolite, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), has previously been reported to decrease hyperglycemia, obesity, cancer, and autoantibody generation in a number of animal models and to increase muscle mass and physiological and psychological well-being in elderly humans, although these… (More)