Lewayne D. Gilchrist

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PURPOSE Little is known about the substance use patterns of adolescent mothers, particularly in the postpartum period. This study provides descriptive, longitudinal data on the substance use behavior of a cohort of adolescent mothers. METHODS A total of 241 pregnant adolescents, under 18 years old and planning to carry the pregnancy to term, completed the(More)
Tobacco, alcohol, and drug use are problems for American-Indian people. We reviewed these problems and the explanations for them and described a bicultural competence skills approach for preventing substance abuse with American-Indian adolescents. Data from a study of that approach suggest its efficacy with American-Indian youth. At posttest and a 6-month(More)
Skills enhancement programs to prevent drug abuse have shown promise in tests with majority-culture adolescents. To date few applications of this preventive strategy have been evaluated with American Indian youth. A culturally tailored 10-session skills enhancement program was delivered in reservation and nonreservation settings in the Pacific North west.(More)
A small proportion of children exhibit extreme and persistent conduct problems through childhood. The present study employed the multiple-domain model of Greenberg and colleagues as the framework for person-oriented analyses examining whether parent-child attachment combines with parenting, family ecology, and child characteristics in particular(More)
Sixth-grade students (N = 56) were assigned randomly to one of four experimental conditions: pretest and primary prevention; primary prevention; pretest; and neither pretest nor primary prevention. In eight group sessions, primary prevention students learned facts, problem solving, decision making, self-instructions and interpersonal skills to help keep(More)
The move from elementary to junior high school is a significant change in the lives of young adolescents. Rates for depression, academic failure, and a variety of problem behaviors escalate after this transition. Few studies in the field of primary prevention have addressed this transition. The investigators conducted a three-part study with 6th grade(More)
Using data from the Seattle Social Development Project, we identify childhood predictors of offending trajectories among poor children. Five trajectories are identified: nonoffenders, late onsetters, desisters, escalators, and chronic offenders. Among initial nonoffenders, late onsetters are distinguished from nonoffenders by early alcohol drinking. Among(More)
We report gender-specific data on tobacco use and quitting smoking from three studies of nicotine-related issues during alcoholism treatment. Study 1 data are from 309 alcoholism treatment professionals who were current or former smokers with a personal history of alcoholism or problem drinking. Study 2 data are from 496 smokers receiving counseling for(More)
This study examined snuff and chewing tobacco use among Alaska Native and American Indian adolescents. Results show frequent and early use of smokeless tobacco products. Almost one fifth of all females and close to one half of all males had used snuff or chewing tobacco on more than 20 occasions. Weekly smokeless tobacco use was reported by 34% of all(More)