Levon M Capan

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It is fortunate that serious embolic phenomena are uncommon because, with the exception of neurosurgery in the sitting position and cardiac surgery, thoracic echocardiography and the precordial Doppler device, the most sensitive indicators of embolism, are seldom used. Vigilance is required of the anesthesiologist to recognize the rapid fall in end-tidal(More)
THAM (trometamol; tris-hydroxymethyl aminomethane) is a biologically inert amino alcohol of low toxicity, which buffers carbon dioxide and acids in vitro and in vivo. At 37 degrees C, the pK (the pH at which the weak conjugate acid or base in the solution is 50% ionised) of THAM is 7.8, making it a more effective buffer than bicarbonate in the physiological(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to analyze our experience in 1146 cases of sonographically guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block (ICBPB) performed over 32 months. METHODS Anesthetic records of 1146 cases of sonographically guided ICBPB performed by our staff were studied retrospectively with the use of a database created by an automated(More)
Swiss-Webster mice were allocated to 35 groups of 20 each, including controls, to evaluate the effect of pretreatment with antidepressant drugs on the LD50 of ketamine i.p. Deaths occurred only in groups given ketamine 400 or 600 mg kg-1. Within these groups, there were no consistent differences among untreated mice and those given one of three daily doses(More)
The suction-biopsy channel of a flexible bronchofiberscope was used to provide subglottic jet ventilation in six dogs and eight adult human subjects. In dogs, after 75 minutes of ventilation at a driving pressure of 2580 torr/cm2 (50 lb/in2) the PaO2 was 412 +/- 18 torr and the PaCO2 32 +/- 3 torr with a peak airway pressure of 6 torr. In patients, after 30(More)