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Over the years, the anecdotal medical use of oxygen has demonstrated, in a non-evidence-based manner, that it may have wide-ranging clinical consequences. Although oxygen is a critical substrate in the alleviation of hypoxia, anoxia, and ischemia, paradoxically, it also functions as a deleterious metabolite during the reperfusion of previously ischemic(More)
BACKGROUND Aortic valve replacement (AVR) is the established treatment for severe aortic stenosis. In response to the long-term results of aortic homografts, stentless porcine valves were introduced as an alternative low-resistance valve. We conducted a randomized trial comparing a stentless with a stented porcine valve in adults with severe aortic(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine whether preconditioning coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with HBO(2) prior to first-time elective on-pump cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) leads to improved myocardial left ventricular stroke work (LVSW) post CABG. The primary end point of this study was to(More)
Heart failure (HF) is a chronic condition that is expected to increase in incidence along with increased life expectancy and an aging population. As the incidence of HF increases, the cost to national healthcare budgets is expected to run into the billions. The costs of lost productivity and increased social reliance on state support must also be(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence and risk factors for neurological events complicating cardiac surgery, and the implications for operative outcome in octogenarians. METHODS Of 6791 who underwent primary on-pump CABG and/or valve surgery from 1998 through 2006, 383 were aged > or =80 years. Neurological complications, classified as reversible or(More)
Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) occurs following coronary artery revascularization. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) were initially thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of this injury. However, the evidence for this is inconclusive. Recent studies involving ischemic preconditioning have identified ROS as potential mediators for the cardioprotective(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY The average age of cardiac patients continues to increase. As more octogenarians undergo surgery during the current era, the outcome of valve surgery was investigated to determine the operative risk in these patients. METHODS Among 350 patients aged > or = 80 years who had initial surgery between 1998 and 2006, a total of(More)
Objectives. Acute rises in pulmonary artery pressures following postinfarction ventricular septal defects present a challenge. We hypothesised that the abnormally high oxygen content exposure to the pulmonary arteries may be a factor. We investigated the contractile responses of human pulmonary arteries to changes in oxygen tension. Methods. Isometric(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the impact of the duration of mechanical ventilation on the rate of pulmonary complications in smokers undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS Retrospective analysis of 2163 patients who underwent elective cardiac surgery between September 1993 and August 1999. Based on a 3-month preoperative smoking cessation, patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Some recent multicenter series have questioned the safety of aprotinin in primary cardiac operations. We report a large, single-center experience with aprotinin therapy in primary cardiac operations and discuss the limitations and potential confounders of current treatment strategies. METHODS We compared myocardial infarction, neurologic(More)