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Human sirtuins are a family of seven conserved proteins (SIRT1-7). The most investigated is the silent mating type information regulation-2 homolog (SIRT1, NM_012238), which was associated with neuroprotection in models of polyglutamine toxicity or Alzheimer's disease (AD) and whose activation by the phytocompound resveratrol (RES) has been described. We(More)
The association among single nucleotide polymorphisms in inflammatory genes as interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1α), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) or tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and dementia has been explored mostly in Alzheimer’s disease, while few data addressing their association with dementia in very old people are available. We performed a prospective,(More)
The discovery of causative mutations for Parkinson's disease (PD) as well as their functional characterization in cellular and animal models has provided crucial insight into the pathogenesis of this disorder. Today, we know that PD pathogenesis involves multiple related processes including mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative and nitrative stress,(More)
BACKGROUND Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative pathology whose molecular etiopathogenesis is not known. Novel contributions have come from familial forms of PD caused by alterations in genes with apparently unrelated physiological functions. The gene coding for alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) (PARK1) has been investigated as alpha-syn is located in(More)
OBJECTIVE The APOE epsilon-4 allele has consistently emerged as a susceptibility factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Pro-inflammatory cytokines are detectable at abnormal levels in AD, and are thought to play a pathophysiological role. Animal studies have shown dose-dependent correlations between the number of APOE epsilon-4 alleles and the levels of(More)
BACKGROUND Human sirtuins are a current hotspot for research in neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study investigated whether genetic variants in two members of the sirtuin family, SIRT2 and SIRT3, affected AD susceptibility. METHODS A genetic case-control study was performed, comprising 534 probable AD cases and 638(More)
Environmental enrichment (EE) is a non-pharmacological intervention reported to counteract pathological signs in models of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We developed EE protocols in APP23 mice and evaluated how they influenced cognitive decline and brain amyloid-β (Aβ) burden. We also investigated the involvement of sirtuins (SIRTs) as a possible molecular(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder causing muscular rigidity, resting tremor and bradykinesia. We conducted an association study assessing how PD risk in Italy was influenced by the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) polymorphic region 5-HTTLPR, consisting of an insertion/deletion (long allele-L/short allele-S) of 43 bp in the SLC6A4(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder whose clinical onset is mainly characterized by memory loss. During AD progression, behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) frequently occur. In this paper we evaluated the association between AD and the short/long (S/L) functional polymorphism of the promoter region of the(More)
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by behavioral and language disturbances. We performed a case-control association study in the Italian population to assess the relevance for FTLD genetic susceptibility of the serotonin (5-HT) transporter gene-linked polymorphic region [rs4795541, alias short(More)