Letizia Penolazzi

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Breast cancer and its metastatic progression is mainly directed by epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), a phenomenon supported by specific transcription factors and miRNAs. In order to investigate a possible correlation between Slug transcription factor and miR-221, we performed Slug gene silencing in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells and evaluated the(More)
It is well known that breast carcinomas without estrogen receptor (ER) have a poor prognosis and do not respond to endocrine therapy. In analyzing the question of the lack of ER gene expression, we have considered the possibility that specific negative transcription factors are present in ER-negative breast cancers. Inside the P3 upstream promoter of human(More)
In this paper we investigated how the increase of human estrogen receptor alfa (ERα) gene expression may affect breast, osteoblast and osteoclast cells. Increase of ERα expression was obtained by interfering with the activity of a negative transcription factor and by removing it with a short and powerful decoy oligonucleotide (RA4-3′) mimicking a region of(More)
Lymphoid Enhancer Factor-1 (Lef-1) is a member of a transcription factor family that acts as downstream mediator of the Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway which plays a critical role in osteoblast proliferation and differentiation. In a search for Lef-1 responsive genes in human osteoblasts, we focused on the transcriptional regulation of the SLUG, a zinc(More)
Proteins belonging to the nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) superfamily are involved in osteoclast formation, playing a very important role for both differentiation of osteoclast precursors and survival of mature osteoclasts. Several drugs used to fight bone loss in a variety of human pathologies, including osteoporosis, act by increasing the frequency of(More)
(O)estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha), a hormone-dependent transcription factor belonging to the steroid/thyroid-hormone-receptor superfamily, plays an essential role in the development and maintenance of the skeleton. Here we report the analysis of an unexplored sequence inside the bone-specific distal promoter F (PF) with respect to the regulation of(More)
Estrogen-responsive genes often have an estrogen response element (ERE) positioned next to activator protein-1 (AP-1) binding sites. Considering that the interaction between ERE and AP-1 elements has been described for the modulation of bone-specific genes, we investigated the 17-beta-estradiol responsiveness and the role of these cis-elements present in(More)
The description of a microencapsulation procedure for Wharton's jelly mesenchymal stem cells (WJMSCs) is reported. The applied method is based on the generation of monodisperse droplets by a vibrational nozzle. An ionic alginate encapsulation procedure was utilized for the microbeads hardening. Different experimental parameters were analyzed, including(More)
Several studies into the mechanisms involved in control of osteoblast-specific gene expression have identified Runx2 and ERalpha (estrogen receptor alpha) as essential regulators of osteoblast differentiation. Recently, interactions between Runx2 and ERalpha have been described. Here, we investigate the role of Runx2 on the regulation of ERalpha expression(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine whether the expression of the estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) gene may be a possible target for compounds present in plant extracts from Aegle marmelos and Emblica officinalis, used in traditional Asian medicine in the treatment of tissue inflammation and cancer. To this aim, we evaluated the potential of the(More)