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CONTEXT The diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome requires highly sensitive screening tests. Therefore, diagnostic cutoffs have been lowered to maximize sensitivity and identify all patients. However, few studies have investigated the impact of these refinements on the specificity of first-line tests. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was the assessment of the(More)
UNLABELLED Centenarians' offspring represent a suitable model to study age-dependent variables (e.g. IGF-I) potentially involved in the modulation of the lifespan. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the IGF-I in human longevity. We evaluated circulating IGF-I bioactivity measured by an innovative IGF-I Kinase Receptor Activation(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiovascular disease is a major contributor to the increased mortality of acromegalic patients. Prolongation of the QT interval is considered an established risk factor for potentially fatal cardiac arrhythmias, an event frequently observed in acromegaly. Changes in ventricular repolarization have been observed with the use of octreotide, one of(More)
Patients with active Cushing's syndrome have an increased thrombotic tendency. We chose to reassess the mechanism underlying the thrombophilic state associated with this clinical condition using sensitive markers of coagulation and fibrinolysis activation in 17 patients with active disease. The results were compared with those obtained in 12 Cushing's(More)
OBJECTIVE Ultrasound-elastography (US-E) appears to be a helpful tool for the diagnosis of thyroid cancer. In acromegaly, the prevalence of thyroid cancer is still debated. The aims of this study were to evaluate thyroid nodules in acromegaly and to establish the accuracy of US-E in providing information on their nature, using cytological analysis as a(More)
CONTEXT Development of gallstones (GS) is reported during the use of somatostatin analogs (SA) that are at present the mainstay for the medical treatment of acromegaly. OBJECTIVE To review the prevalence and clinical and biochemical correlates of GS in acromegalic patients. DESIGN AND SETTING Retrospective survey on hospital records in acromegalic(More)
Respiratory disorders are common and important complications in acromegaly. Patients suffering from acromegaly display a 1.6-3.3 fold increase in mortality rate, which is due to respiratory disorders in 25% of cases. In these patients, mortality for lung disease is 2-3 fold higher than in the general population. Every portion of the respiratory system may(More)
OBJECTIVE Sympathovagal imbalance has been shown in acromegaly by indirect measurements of adrenergic tone. Data regarding direct measurement of sympathetic activity are lacking as yet. Aim of this study was to assess the adrenergic tone through direct recording of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in acromegalic patients. DESIGN Fifteen patients(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of GH deficiency (GHD) in obese patients is complicated by the reduced GH secretion associated with overweight. A GH response to GHRH+arginine lower than 4.2 microg/l is currently considered indicative of GHD in obesity. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of acute pharmacological blockade of lipolysis on the GH(More)