Letitia E Bible

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BACKGROUND One week following unilateral lung contusion (LC), rat lungs demonstrate full histologic recovery. When animals undergo LC plus the addition of chronic restraint stress (CS), wound healing is significantly delayed. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are pluripotent cells capable of immunomodulation, which have been the focus of much research in wound(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow (BM) dysfunction following experimental lung contusion (LC) resolves in 7 days; however, if followed by chronic stress (CS) following, BM dysfunction is persistent. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have protective immunomodulatory effects. We hypothesize that MSC can protect the BM against the deleterious effect of CS following LC. (More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow (BM) dysfunction is common in severely injured trauma patients, resulting from elevated catecholamines and plasma granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) as well as prolonged mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs). We have previously shown that propranolol (β-blocker [BB]) reduces HPC mobilization in a rodent(More)
BACKGROUND Rodent lungs undergo full histologic recovery within 1 week following unilateral lung contusion (LC). However, when LC is followed by hemorrhagic shock (HS), healing is impaired. We hypothesize that the intravenous administration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in animals undergoing combined LC followed by HS (LCHS) will improve wound healing.(More)
BACKGROUND Lung contusion (LC) followed by hemorrhagic shock (HS) causes persistent bone marrow (BM) dysfunction lasting up to 7 d after injury. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells that can hasten healing and exert protective immunomodulatory effects. We hypothesize that MSCs can attenuate BM dysfunction after combined LCHS. MATERIALS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Normal lung healing is impaired when lung contusion (LC) is followed by hemorrhagic shock (HS), and chronic stress (CS). Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are immunomodulatory, pluripotent cells that are under investigation for use in wound healing and tissue regeneration. We hypothesized that treatment with MSCs can reverse the impaired healing seen(More)
BACKGROUND Following severe traumatic injury, critically ill patients have a prolonged hypercatacholamine state that is associated with bone marrow (BM) dysfunction and persistent anemia. However, current animal models of injury and shock result in a transient anemia. Daily restraint stress (chronic stress [CS]) has been shown to increase catecholamines. We(More)
BACKGROUND After severe trauma, patients develop a norepinephrine-mediated persistent, injury-associated anemia. This anemia is associated with suppression of bone marrow (BM) erythroid colony growth, along with decreased iron levels, and elevated erythropoietin (EPO) levels, which are insufficient to promote effective erythropoiesis. The impact of(More)
INTRODUCTION Propranolol has been shown previously to decrease the mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) after acute injury in rodent models; however, this acute injury model does not reflect the prolonged period of critical illness after severe trauma. Using our novel lung contusion/hemorrhagic shock/chronic restraint stress model, we(More)
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