Leticia I. Llarrull

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Malonyl-CoA is an essential intermediate in fatty acid synthesis in all living cells. Here we demonstrate a new role for this molecule as a global regulator of lipid homeostasis in Gram-positive bacteria. Using in vitro transcription and binding studies, we demonstrate that malonyl-CoA is a direct and specific inducer of Bacillus subtilis FapR, a conserved(More)
In the 80 years since their discovery the β-lactam antibiotics have progressed through structural generations, each in response to the progressive evolution of bacterial resistance mechanisms. The generational progression was driven by the ingenious, but largely empirical, manipulation of structure by medicinal chemists. Nonetheless, the true creative force(More)
The reactions of all seven Escherichia coli lytic transglycosylases with purified bacterial sacculus are characterized in a quantitative manner. These reactions, which initiate recycling of the bacterial cell wall, exhibit significant redundancy in the activities of these enzymes along with some complementarity. These discoveries underscore the importance(More)
The fates of BlaI, the gene repressor protein for the bla operon, BlaR1, the β-lactam sensor/signal transducer, and PC1 β-lactamase in four strains of Staphylococcus aureus upon exposure to four different β-lactam antibiotics were investigated as a function of time. The genes for the three proteins are encoded by the bla operon, the functions of which(More)
Metallo-beta-lactamases hydrolyze most beta-lactam antibiotics. The lack of a successful inhibitor for them is related to the previous failure to characterize a reaction intermediate with a clinically useful substrate. Stopped-flow experiments together with rapid freeze-quench EPR and Raman spectroscopies were used to characterize the reaction of(More)
The expression of penicillin binding protein 2a (PBP2a) is the basis for the broad clinical resistance to the β-lactam antibiotics by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The high-molecular mass penicillin binding proteins of bacteria catalyze in separate domains the transglycosylase and transpeptidase activities required for the biosynthesis(More)
Metallo-beta-lactamases are zinc-dependent hydrolases that inactivate beta-lactam antibiotics, rendering bacteria resistant to them. Asp-120 is fully conserved in all metallo-beta-lactamases and is central to catalysis. Several roles have been proposed for Asp-120, but so far there is no agreed consensus. We generated four site-specifically substituted(More)
(+/-)-2-[(4-Phenoxyphenylsulfonyl)methyl]thiirane 1 is a potent and selective mechanism-based inhibitor of the gelatinase sub-class of the zinc-dependent matrix metalloproteinase family. Inhibitor 1 has excellent activity in in vivo models of gelatinase-dependent disease. We demonstrate that the mechanism of inhibition is a rate-limiting(More)
The production of β-lactamase enzymes is one of the most distributed resistance mechanisms towards β-lactam antibiotics. Metallo-β-lactamases constitute a worrisome group of these kinds of enzymes, since they present a broad spectrum profile, being able to hydrolyze not only penicillins, but also the latest generation of cephalosporins and carbapenems,(More)