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Metabolic and morphologic abnormalities as well as disturbances in bone mineral density (BMD) are prevalent among HIV-infected patients, particularly during highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) [1–3]. Hyperlipidaemia may affect up to 60–80% of HIV-infected patients treated with protease inhibitors (PI) and is commonly associated with abnormalities(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic resonance proton spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) is a non-invasive method that provides in vivo measurement of metabolic concentrations in body tissue. However, relatively little is known about the potential of 1H MR spectroscopy for the quantification of liver metabolites. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of (1)H MRS in(More)
Syntheses of "glycospirostanes" from 3beta-hydroxy-23,24-dinor-5alpha-cholano-22,16-lactone and 3alpha-hydroxy-23,24-dinor-5beta-cholano-22,16-lactone were performed. The key step of these syntheses was ring-closing metathesis of the corresponding C,O-diallyl derivative. Further elaboration of the six-membered ring F consisted of allylic hydroxylation with(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between N-acetylaspartate (NAA) levels in selected brain regions and cognitive performance in patients with first-episode schizophrenia. MATERIAL/METHODS Thirty patients (20 male, 10 female; mean age: 22.5 years) with the diagnosis of first-episode schizophrenia and 19 comparable healthy(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatic encephalopathy is a serious problem in patients with liver cirrhosis and precise pathophysiological mechanisms responsible for encephalopathy are not fully understood. Magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopy can be used to detect specific morphological and metabolic abnormalities in the brain even in patients(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) features in order to assess hepatocellular activation in chronic hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C (HIV/HCV) co-infected patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS Liver in vivo 1H MR spectra were obtained in 14 patients with hepatitis C virus infection (HCV), 20 HIV/HCV(More)
UNLABELLED MR proton spectroscopy (1H MRS) has been widely applied in characterisation and differentiation of brain tumors, staging, recurrence of pathologic process, post radiotherapy changes and other lesions mimicking neoplasm like abscesses. Despite of many studies performed over last 3 years in many countries spectroscopic pattern (phenotype) of brain(More)
Calcium ionophoretic properties of ferutinin were re-evaluated in solvent-containing bilayer lipid membranes. The slopes of conductance-concentration curves suggest that in the presence of a solvent in the membrane the majority of complexes appear to consist of a single terpenoid molecule bound to one Ca ion. By contrast, the stoichiometry of(More)
A group of biologically active 4-azasteroids was studied by 13C-NMR spectroscopy in solution and in the solid phase. A full assignment of signals in the spectra of samples in chloroform was performed for thirteen 4-azasteroids using two-dimensional techniques. Substituent and steric effects of a nitrogen atom, and their influence on chemical shifts of the(More)
The condensation of 16-dehydropregnenolone acetate with 2-aminobenzimidazole was studied. The polycyclic aromatic product was formed as a single regioisomer in a cascade reaction comprising addition, cyclization, autoxidation, and aromatization, in addition to the rearranged D-homo product. The reaction mechanism based on DFT calculations is proposed.