Leszek Michalak

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We observe spin-valve-like effects in nanoscaled thermally evaporated Co/AlOx/Au tunnel junctions. The tunneling magnetoresistance is anisotropic and depends on the relative orientation of the magnetization direction of the Co electrode with respect to the current direction. We attribute this effect to a two-step magnetization reversal and an anisotropic(More)
Some aspects of the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) method in the analysis of hemoglobin from whole human blood are described. These aspects are: sensitivity of this method, fragmentation of hemoglobin ions, and influence of some impurities (sodium chloride NaCl, sodium sulfate Na2SO4, and potassium ferrocyanide K4Fe(CN)6) on the(More)
DMAP reacts readily with chloromethylcycloalkyl ethers and alpha-chloroethyl alkyl ethers to give stable (1a-1e) and unstable (2a-2h) pyridinium chlorides. Reaction of these chlorides with NaOH produces the corresponding 4-pyridones. All the chlorides synthesized showed antibiotic activity. Particularly high activity against microbes representing cocci,(More)
The synthesis of quaternary imidazolium chlorides was performed by reaction of 1-n-hexyl-2-phenyl-imidazole with chloromethylalkyl ether or chlormethylalkyl sulfide. The antibacterial properties of the compounds obtained was tested on 13 strains of bacteria and fungi. Chlorides with octyl- and decylthiomethyl moiety indicated the best antibacterial activity.
We have investigated spin accumulation in Ni/Au/Ni single-electron transistors assembled by atomic force microscopy. The fabrication technique is unique in that unconventional hybrid devices can be realized with unprecedented control, including real-time tunable tunnel resistances. A grid of Au disks, 30 nm in diameter and 30 nm thick, is prepared on a SiO2(More)
Syntheses and antimicrobial activity of 3-alkoxymethyl-1-ethyl-, 3-alkylthiomethyl-1-ethyl-, 3-alkoxymethyl-1-butyl-, and 3-alkylthiomethyl-1-butylbenzimidazolium chlorides are described. The compounds were obtained by reaction of 1-ethyl- or 1-butylbenzimidazole with chloromethylalkyl ethers or chloromethylalkyl sulfide. Antibacterial properties were(More)