Leszek Krupniewski

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A varicocele is described as pathologically enlarged, tortuous veins of the pampiniform plexus, leading to an increased testicular temperature and adrenal metabolite reflux into the testes. Varicocele can impair spermatogenesis and is considered to be the most common cause of male infertility. Patients may palpate a thickening in the scrotum or complain of(More)
Patients with infertility commonly undergo various diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that may affect the future course of the pregnancy. In this presented case a female patient with infertility has been subjected to laparoscopic myomectomy and chromoscopy of the fallopian tubes, as it turned out later, 4 days after spontaneous conception. Due to severe(More)
BACKGROUND Although sickle-cell anemia (SCA) is common in black Americans, Sub-Saharan Africa and in the Mediterranean area, the disease is rare in the temperate climate zone. The manifestations of the disease are related mainly to the production of abnormal hemoglobin that leads to organ ischemia and increased susceptibility to infection caused by(More)
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