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Chlorophyll (Chl) and bacteriochlorophyll (Bchl) have been made water soluble by transesterification with serine (Ser) at the propionyl residue and tested as potential reagents for photodynamic therapy (PDT). Photocytotoxicity of the conjugates Chl-Ser and Bchl-Ser in M2R mouse melanoma was tested in cell cultures. Tissue uptake and clearance of the(More)
Chlorophyllase-catalyzed hydrolysis and esterification of chlorophylls, bacteriochlorophylls, and their free acids, respectively, depend on the configuration around the C-13(2) atom of the corresponding substrate. The data suggest that the enzyme interacts preferentially with compounds having the isocyclic carbomethoxy and the C-17 propionic residues facing(More)
The axial coordination of central Mg(2+) ion in chlorophylls is of great structural and functional importance for virtually all photosynthetic chlorophyll proteins; however, little thermodynamic data are available on the ligand binding to these pigments. In the present study, spectral deconvolution of the bacteriochlorophyll Q(X) band serves to determine(More)
Two amphiphilic derivatives of chlorophyll, which have high potential as photodynamic therapy sensitizers for malignant melanoma have been investigated by a combination of laser flash photolysis and pulse radiolysis. It is shown that direct excitation of monomeric forms of these molecules in both hydrophilic and hydrophobic environments produces significant(More)
A simple reconstitution technique has been developed and then applied to prepare a series of light-harvesting antenna 1 (LH1) complexes with a programmed carotenoid composition, not available from native photosynthetic membranes. The complexes were reconstituted with different C(40) carotenoids, having two structural parameters variable: the functional side(More)
Carotenoids are well-known physical quenchers of chlorophyll excited states and reactive oxygen species both in vivo and in vitro. They may also be involved in chemical quenching undergoing, e.g. isomerizations or oxidations. We have found that beta-carotene (Car) in aerobic acetone is rapidly oxygenated under strong illumination with red light (lambda exc(More)
Replacement of the central Mg in chlorophylls by Ni opens an ultrafast (tens of femtoseconds time range) radiationless de-excitation path, while the principal ground-state absorption and coordination properties of the pigment are retained. A method has been developed for substituting the native bacteriochlorophyll a by Ni-bacteriochlorophyll a ([Ni]-BChl)(More)
The ability of chlorophylls to coordinate ligands is of fundamental structural importance for photosynthetic pigment-protein complexes, where in virtually all cases the pigment is thought to be in a pentacoordinated state. In this study, the correlation of the Q(X) transition energy with the coordination state of the central metal in bacteriochlorophyll is(More)
The purple photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides has within its genome a cluster of photosynthesis-related genes approximately 41 kb in length. In an attempt to identify genes involved in the terminal esterification stage of bacteriochlorophyll biosynthesis, a previously uncharacterized 5-kb region of this cluster was sequenced. Four open reading(More)
Chlorophylls, owing to their adjustable π-electron system and intense, well-separated electronic transitions, can serve as convenient intrinsic spectroscopic probes of ligand–metal center interactions. They are also interesting for their photosensitizing properties. In order to examine the heavy-atom effects on the chlorophyll triplet state, a key(More)