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The three-dimensional reconstruction of the bovine kidney pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (M(r) approximately 7.8 x 10(6)) comprising about 22 molecules of pyruvate dehydrogenase (E(1)) and about 6 molecules of dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E(3)) with its binding protein associated with the 60-subunit dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase (E(2)) core provides(More)
It is obviously possible in any country or community of reasonable size to determine an empirical equation, by ordinary methods of curve fitting, which will describe the normal rate of population growth. Such a determination will not necessarily give any inkling whatever as to the underlying organic laws of population growth in a particular community. It(More)
This paper reports the discovery that the activity of the multienzyme pyruvate dehydrogenase complex from beef kidney mitochondria is regulated by a phosphorylation-dephosphorylation reaction sequence. The site of this regulation is the pyruvate dehydrogenase component of the complex. Phosphorylation and concomitant inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase(More)
The activity of the multienzyme pyruvate dehydrogenase complexes, isolated from mitochondria of beef kidney, beef heart, and pork liver, is regulated by phosphorylation and dephosphorylation. Phosphorylation and concomitant inactivation of each of the three complexes are catalyzed by an ATP-specific kinase, and dephosphorylation and concomitant reactivation(More)
Pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase requires Mg2+ or Mn2+, and its activity in the presence of Mg2+ is markedly stimulated by Ca2+. At saturating Mg2+ and Ca2+ concentrations, the polyamines spermine, spermidine and putrescine stimulated the activity of pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase 1.5- to 3-fold. Spermine was the most active of the polyamines. At a(More)