Leslie W. Jacobson

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Antibodies directed against the post-synaptic neuromuscular junction protein, muscle specific kinase (MuSK) are found in a small proportion of generalized myasthenia gravis (MuSK-MG) patients. MuSK is a receptor tyrosine kinase which is essential for clustering of the acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) at the neuromuscular junction, but the mechanisms by which(More)
OBJECTIVE There are now a large number of requests for N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor autoantibody (NMDAR-Ab) tests, and it is important to assess the clinical relevance of all results, particularly when they are reported as 'Low Positive'. METHODS The clinical data of 56 patients found Positive or Low Positive by the Oxford live cell-based assay were(More)
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is characterized by fixed joint contractures and other deformities, sometimes resulting in fetal death. The cause is unknown in most cases, but some women with fetuses affected by severe AMC have serum antibodies that inhibit fetal acetylcholine receptor (AChR) function, and antibodies to fetal antigens might play a(More)
We have studied responses in thymoma patients to interferon-alpha and to the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) in early-onset myasthenia gravis (EOMG), seeking clues to autoimmunizing mechanisms. Our new evidence implicates a two-step process: (step 1) professional antigen-presenting cells and thymic epithelial cells prime AChR-specific T cells; then (step 2)(More)
NZW rabbits immunised with a mixture of synthetic peptides representing alpha 138-199 of the human acetylcholine receptor (AChR) alpha-subunit exhibited clinical, biochemical and electrophysiological signs of experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG), with raised levels of anti-rabbit AChR antibodies. Surprisingly, these were partly directed at the(More)
The human muscle acetylcholine receptor (AChR) is an oligomeric membrane protein consisting of (alpha1)2,beta,delta,epsilon subunits in the adult form and (alpha 1)2,beta,gamma,delta in the fetal form. The adult AChR is the target for autoantibodies in myasthenia gravis (MG), and antibodies that block the function of fetal AChR can cross the placenta and(More)
Congenital myasthenic syndromes are a heterogeneous group of conditions in which muscle weakness resulting from impaired neuromuscular transmission is often present from infancy. One form of congenital myasthenic syndrome is due to a reduction of the number of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) at the neuromuscular junction. We describe four new cases of AChR(More)
OBJECTIVE N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antibody (NMDAR-Ab) encephalitis is a well-recognised clinico-immunological syndrome that presents with neuropsychiatric symptoms cognitive decline, movement disorder and seizures. This study reports the clinical features, management and neurological outcomes of paediatric NMDAR-Ab-mediated neurological disease in the(More)
Immunoprecipitation of human acetylcholine receptor (AChR) is used in the diagnostic assay for myasthenia gravis (MG). We compared human AChR derived from TE671 cells, which express fetal-type AChR, with AChR from TE671-epsilon cells, which we have engineered to express adult-type AChR. Some low-titer MG sera distinguished strikingly between the two(More)
We have established cell-based assays for the improved detection of acetylcholine receptor (AChR) and muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) antibodies in myasthenia gravis. This approach has enabled us to demonstrate antibodies to "clustered" AChRs in patients who were previously AChR antibody negative and can also be used to distinguish between adult and fetal(More)