Leslie R. Bisset

Learn More
OBJECTIVES Use of domestic reference values is known to improve the accuracy of flow cytometric analysis by integrating local variation due to race, gender, and age. In the absence of previously published estimates, we now report establishment of reference values for a wide range of peripheral blood lymphocyte phenotypes applicable to the healthy adult(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The importance of chemokines and their receptors to development and maintenance of allergic asthma is reflected in the burgeoning amount of literature currently devoted to this topic. Based on a series of selected references published during the last year, this review now summarizes recent advances and discusses the likely implications of(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the impact of early initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on disease-induced T-cell activation and maturation abnormalities during asymptomatic HIV infection. DESIGN A prospective open-label trial of zidovudine, lamivudine and ritonavir in treatment-naive asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals with CD4 cells > or(More)
This randomized study evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of continued treatment with protease inhibitor plus nucleoside-analogue combination regimens (n=79) or a change to the simplified regimen of abacavir-lamivudine-zidovudine (n=84) in patients with suppressed human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA for > or = 6 months who did not have the(More)
In view of close similarities at the molecular and clinical levels, feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection of the domestic cat is subject of increasing attention as an animal model for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. A range of reverse transcriptase inhibitors effective against HIV are also active against FIV, allowing successful use of(More)
OBJECTIVE Virus load determination has become indispensable for the management of HIV patients, but depends on expensive assays of a low throughput. We evaluated whether a highly improved HIV-1 p24 antigen detection procedure which involves heat-mediated immune complex dissociation and signal-amplification-boosted enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)(More)
An HIV-1 p24 antigen test involving signal amplification-boosted ELISA of heat-denatured plasma was evaluated prospectively in 55 patients whose viral RNA in plasma had previously been suppressed for at least 6 months under antiretroviral combination therapy. During a median follow-up of 504 days, CD4 counts increased by a median of 62 cells per year. By(More)
The long-term response of 10 asymptomatic, antiretroviral therapy-naive HIV-1-infected patients to potent combination antiretroviral therapy was characterized by monitoring levels of HIV-1 RNA in plasma, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and lymphoid tissue using highly sensitive HIV-1 RNA assays. Although plasma viral loads were continuously(More)
The in vitro production of immunoglobulins in response to stimulation with pokeweed mitogen (PWM) and fixed/killed Staphylococcus aureus Cowan 1 (SAC) was measured in conjunction with in vivo assays of plasma immunoglobulin levels to examine the quality and quantity of humoral immunity during human pregnancy and at parturition. Following stimulation with(More)
The worldwide acceptance of steroid-based oral contraception makes it imperative that the effect of these agents on the immune system is understood. Nevertheless, information regarding the effect of steroid-based oral contraception on plasma immunoglobulin (Ig) levels is often conflicting. In this report immunoglobulin levels in the plasma of females taking(More)