Leslie O White

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Levels of ciprofloxacin in serum and sputum were studied for eight patients with cystic fibrosis who were infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Patients were studied in a steady state on a dosage of 500 mg every 8 h. Peak levels in serum ranged from 1.27 to 5.6 mg/liter (mean, 3.16 +/- 1.27), and absorption was rapid, the time to peak concentration ranging(More)
The pharmacokinetics of meropenem were studied in a group of 11 surgical patients (four male, seven female; mean age 63 years; mean weight 72 kg) all of whom had moderate or severe infection and who received a mean dose of 14.5 mg/kg +/- 2.7 meropenem 8-hourly iv for a minimum of 4 days. Venous blood samples were collected at timed intervals after the first(More)
A rapid high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) assay for the detection of linezolid in human serum was developed. The method used a Hypersil 5ODS stationary phase. The mobile phase was 1% ortho-phosphoric acid, 30% methanol, 2 g/L heptane sulphonic acid, pH 5. UV absorbance detection was used (lambda(max) 254 nm). Samples were prepared by mixing with(More)
Logistic regression analysis was performed on data drawn from a clinical trials database for Staphylococcus aureus septicaemia treated with teicoplanin. Variables analysed were age, body weight, mean pre-dose and post-dose serum teicoplanin concentrations, mean dose (mg or mg/kg body weight) and combination versus monotherapy. Only two variables correlated(More)
The in vitro activities of ofloxacin, desmethyl ofloxacin and ofloxacin N-oxide were determined and a specific high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) assay for these 3 compounds was devised as part of a study of the pharmacokinetics of ofloxacin and its metabolites in patients with impaired renal function. Desmethyl ofloxacin had significant(More)
This study investigated vancomycin therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) and issues related to patient management. Questionnaires were distributed to 310 participants in the UK National External Quality Assessment Scheme (NEQAS) for Antibiotic Assays. The response rate was 57.4%. The majority (76%) had an 'in-house' assay service based, almost exclusively, in(More)
The pharmacokinetics of oral and intravenous ofloxacin (7.5 mg.kg of body weight-1 given over 30 min) were studied in an open crossover study of 17 Vietnamese children, aged between 5 and 14 years, with acute uncomplicated typhoid fever. Following oral administration, the median (95% confidence interval [CI]) time to peak concentration of ofloxacin in serum(More)
A simple liquid extraction coupled with reverse-phase HPLC and UV detection was shown to correlate well with fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA) on the Abbott TD(x) analyser for serum teicoplanin analysis, r(2) = 0.974, HPLC = 0.908 TDx + 2.324. A Bland-Altman plot showed no significant bias between the results. The HPLC method was linear over the(More)
A high performance liquid chromatographic method is described for the assay of chloramphenicol acetyltransferase activity which detects the formation of both 3-acetoxy chloramphenicol and 1,3-diacetoxy chloramphenicol. In experiments performed at pH 6.8 only 3-acetoxy chloramphenicol was detected while in experiments performed at pH 7.8 both 3-acetoxy and(More)