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BACKGROUND Schizophrenia is a common severe syndrome with a highly variable pattern of symptoms. The medications used to treat this disorder are expensive and may cause severe adverse effects. Little is known about how the public perceives health outcomes in schizophrenia or the potential adverse effects of antipsychotic medication. This complicates the use(More)
802.11 (WiFi) is a well established network communications protocol that has wide applicability in civil infrastructure. This paper describes research that explores the design of 802.11 networks enhanced to support data communications in disaster environments. The focus of these efforts is to create network infrastructure to support operations by(More)
Mobile information technology can help first responders assist patients more quickly, reliably, and safely, while focusing resources on those most in need. Yet the disaster setting complicates reliable networked computing. The WIISARD client-server architecture provides mobile IT support for medical response in disasters. Cached remote objects (CROs) are(More)
Most medical facilities practice managing the large numbers of seriously injured patients expected during catastrophic events. During mass casualty events, as the demands on the healthcare team increase, and the challenges faced by managers escalate, workflow bottlenecks begin to develop and system capacity decreases. This paper describes MASCAL, an(More)
Health care providers are legally obliged to report cases of specified diseases to public health authorities, but existing manual, provider-initiated reporting systems generally result in incomplete, error-prone, and tardy information flow. Automated laboratory-based reports are more likely accurate and timely, but lack clinical information and treatment(More)
CONTEXT Patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsy have increased mortality compared with the general population, but patients with pharmacoresistant temporal lobe epilepsy who meet criteria for surgery and who become seizure-free after anterior temporal lobe resection have reduced excess mortality vs those with persistent seizures. OBJECTIVE To quantify(More)
Medical care at mass casualty incidents and disasters requires rapid patient triage and assessment, acute care and disposition often in the setting of overwhelming numbers of victims, limited time, and little resources. Current systems rely on a paper triage tag on which rescuers and medical providers mark the patient's triage status and record limited(More)
When medical care is initiated at a mass casualty event, the first activity is the triage of victims, which is the grouping by victims severity of injury. Paper triage tags are often used to mark victims' triage status and to record information on injuries and treatments administered in the field. In this paper we describe the design and development of(More)
Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs) are formed by self-organized wireless nodes that use multi-hop wireless relaying. These networks are useable in a variety of situations ranging from fixed residential broadband networking based on rooftop wireless mesh nodes to emergency response networks for handling large scale disasters. Quick deployability, minimal(More)