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The pharmacological properties of gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABA(A)) receptors are altered by prolonged exposure to ethanol both in vivo and in vitro. We have shown previously that prolonged ethanol exposure elicits selective alterations in various GABA(A) receptor subunit mRNA levels in rat cerebral cortex. Some of these effects are rapidly reversed during(More)
Neuroactive steroids are synthesized de novo in brain, yet their physiological significance remains elusive. We provide biochemical , electrophysiological, and behavioral evidence that several specific actions of alcohol (ethanol) are mediated by the neurosteroid 3␣-hydroxy-5␣-pregnan-20-one (3␣,5␣-THP; allo-pregnanolone). Systemic alcohol administration(More)
GABA(A) receptors are sensitive to ethanol in distinct brain regions and are clearly involved in the acute actions of ethanol, ethanol tolerance, ethanol dependence and ethanol self-administration. Data from a variety of perspectives such as molecular, cellular and behavioral analysis have elucidated the role of GABA(A) receptors in these processes. GABA(A)(More)
Previous research has shown that chronic ethanol consumption dramatically alters GABA(A) receptor alpha1 and alpha4 subunit gene expression in the cerebral cortex and GABA(A) receptor alpha1 and alpha6 subunit gene expression in the cerebellum. However, it is not yet known if chronic ethanol consumption produces similar alterations in GABA(A) receptor gene(More)
BACKGROUND Investigations have shown that chronic ethanol exposure results in selective alterations in levels of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)A and NMDA receptor subunits. We previously reported significant sex differences in these chronic ethanol-induced adaptations. Because we have more recently found important sex differences in timing for the(More)
Previous investigations have shown subunit-selective alterations in NMDA receptors in ethanol dependent male rats. In the present study, we found pronounced gender differences in the effects of ethanol dependence on NMDA receptor subunit expression in all brain regions investigated. Ethanol dependent female rats exhibited increased NR1 subunit levels in(More)
Neuroactive steroids are synthesized de novo in brain, yet their physiological significance remains elusive. We provide biochemical, electrophysiological, and behavioral evidence that several specific actions of alcohol (ethanol) are mediated by the neurosteroid 3alpha-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnan-20-one (3alpha,5alpha-THP; allopregnanolone). Systemic alcohol(More)
Chronic in vivo or in vitro application of GABA(A) receptor agonists alters GABA(A) receptor peptide expression and function. Furthermore, chronic in vitro application of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) agonists and antagonists alters GABA(A) receptor function and mRNA expression. However, it is unknown if chronic in vivo blockade of NMDA receptors alters(More)
The anxiolytic and anticonvulsant effects of benzodiazepines, barbiturates, ethanol and neuroactive steroids are mediated by selective interactions with gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABA(A)) receptors. Chronic ethanol exposure decreases the sensitivity of GABA(A) receptors to benzodiazepines, barbiturates and ethanol. Ethanol withdrawing rats are(More)