Leslie K. Pulawa

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Acyl coenzyme A:diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) is one of two known DGAT enzymes that catalyze the final step in mammalian triglyceride synthesis. DGAT1-deficient mice are resistant to diet-induced obesity through a mechanism involving increased energy expenditure. Here we show that these mice have decreased levels of tissue triglycerides, as well(More)
OBJECTIVE The insulin resistance of pregnancy is considered to be mediated by human placental lactogen, but the metabolic effects of human placental growth hormone have not been well defined. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of placental growth hormone on insulin sensitivity in vivo using transgenic mice that overexpress the human placental growth hormone(More)
CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta) plays a key role in initiation of adipogenesis in adipose tissue and gluconeogenesis in liver; however, the role of C/EBPbeta in hepatic lipogenesis remains undefined. Here we show that C/EBPbeta inactivation in Lepr(db/db) mice attenuates obesity, fatty liver, and diabetes. In addition to impaired(More)
Here we report the presence of hyperphagia, obesity and insulin resistance in knockout mice deficient in IL-18 or IL-18 receptor, and in mice transgenic for expression of IL-18 binding protein. Obesity of Il18-/- mice resulted from accumulation of fat tissue based on increased food intake. Il18-/- mice also had hyperinsulinemia, consistent with insulin(More)
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) plays a rate-limiting role in triglyceride-rich lipoprotein metabolism and is expressed in most tissues. Overexpression of LPL in skeletal muscle has been linked with higher plasma glucose levels suggesting insulin resistance (Jensen et al., Am J Physiol 273:R683-R689, 1997). The aim of our study was to ascertain whether the(More)
Regulation of cholesterol metabolism in cultured cells and in the liver is dependent on actions of the LDL receptor. However, nonhepatic tissues have multiple pathways of cholesterol uptake. One possible pathway is mediated by LPL, an enzyme that primarily hydrolyzes plasma triglyceride into fatty acids. In this study, LDL uptake and tissue cholesterol(More)
In preparation for hibernation, golden-mantled ground squirrels (Spermophilus lateralis) must deposit sufficient amounts of lipid during the summer to survive winter hibernation. We conducted an experiment from May 1998 to February 1999 to examine the effects of caloric restriction on the body composition (lipid and fat-free mass) and hibernation of(More)
Fatty acids inhibit insulin-mediated glucose metabolism in skeletal muscle, an effect largely attributed to defects in insulin-mediated glucose transport. Insulin-resistant mice transgenic for the overexpression of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in skeletal muscle were used to examine the molecular mechanism(s) in more detail. Using DNA gene chip array(More)
Retinoids, derivatives of vitamin A, induce hypertriglyceridemia through decreased clearance of very low-density lipoprotein by a lipoprotein lipase (LPL)-dependent pathway. The retinoid X receptor (RXR) gamma isotype, which is highly expressed in skeletal muscle, may be important in mediating the effects of retinoids on skeletal muscle metabolism and(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The number of people affected with obesity and type 2 diabetes has reached epidemic proportions worldwide. Insulin resistance, a common feature of both conditions, has come under intense investigation. This review focuses on our current understanding of the insulin signaling cascade and potential mechanisms of regulation. RECENT FINDINGS(More)