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Cases of clear scientific misconduct have received significant media attention recently, but less flagrantly questionable research practices may be more prevalent and, ultimately, more damaging to the academic enterprise. Using an anonymous elicitation format supplemented by incentives for honest reporting, we surveyed over 2,000 psychologists about their(More)
CONTEXT Identifying effective obesity treatment is both a clinical challenge and a public health priority due to the health consequences of obesity. OBJECTIVE To determine whether common decision errors identified by behavioral economists such as prospect theory, loss aversion, and regret could be used to design an effective weight loss intervention. (More)
BACKGROUND Previous efforts to use incentives for weight loss have resulted in substantial weight regain after 16 weeks. OBJECTIVE To evaluate a longer term weight loss intervention using financial incentives. DESIGN A 32-week, three-arm randomized controlled trial of financial incentives for weight loss consisting of a 24-week weight loss phase during(More)
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Two sets of studies illustrate the comparative nature of disclosure behavior. The first set investigates how divulgence is affected by signals about others' readiness to divulge and shows a " herding " effect: Survey respondents are more willing to divulge sensitive information when told that previous respondents have made sensitive disclosures (Study 1a).(More)
New marketing paradigms that exploit the capabilities for data collection, aggre-gation, and dissemination introduced by the Internet provide benefits to consumers but also pose real or perceived privacy hazards. In four experiments, we seek to understand consumer decisions to reveal or withhold information and the relationship between such decisions and(More)
Self-predictions are highly sensitive to current intentions but often largely insensitive to factors influencing the readiness with which those intentions are translated into future behavior. When such factors are under a person's control, they could be used to increase the probability that desired future behavior will be undertaken, but they will be(More)
Intuitively, people should cheat more when cheating is more lucrative, but we find that the effect of performance based pay-rates on dishonesty depends on how readily people can compare their pay-rate to that of others. In Experiment 1, participants were paid 5 cents or 25 cents per self-reported point in a trivia task, and half were aware that they could(More)
1 ABSTRACT Many intend to stay fit but fail to exercise or eat healthfully; students intend to earn good grades but study too little; citizens intend to vote but fail to turnout. How can policy-makers help people follow through on their intentions? Prompting people to make plans – an intervention based on research in behavioral science – leverages both the(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether parents' delivery room management decisions for extremely preterm infants are influenced by (1) the degree of detail with which options (comfort care [CC] or intensive care [IC]) are presented or (2) their order of presentation. METHODS A total of 309 volunteers, 18 to 55 years old, were each randomized to 1 of 4 groups: (1)(More)