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We report the effects of i.p. administration of sodium valproate (VPA) on extracellular concentrations of various amino acids in the rat ventral hippocampus studied using in vivo microdialysis, followed by HPLC with fluorometric detection. At the doses used (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg), VPA had no effect on extracellular aspartate, glutamine and taurine, whilst(More)
We have studied the effects of treatment with the anticonvulsants lamotrigine (LTG), phenytoin (PHN) and carbamazepine (CBZ) on basal and stimulated extracellular aspartate (ASP), glutamate (GLU), taurine (TAU), GABA, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) in the hippocampus of freely moving rats using microdialysis. All of the drugs investigated have(More)
The effects of sodium valproate (VPA; 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg, i.p.) on ventral hippocampal and anterior caudate putamen extracellular levels of dopamine (DA) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) were examined using in vivo microdialysis. VPA induced dose-related increases in dialysate DA, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, and 5-HT in the ventral hippocampus.(More)
The antiepileptic drug lamotrigine (LTG) is a relatively novel anticonvulsant frequently used in polytherapy and increasingly in monotherapy. LTG is believed to act by reducing excitatory glutamate (GLU) release due to an inhibition of Na(+) channels. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of acute and chronic (up to 21 days) treatment with(More)
The non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist MK-801 was observed to have regionally specific effects on the extracellular concentration of dopamine and its metabolites. In rat anterior striatum, MK-801 transiently decreased extracellular dopamine, in spite of inducing intense circling behaviour which is generally associated with an increase(More)
The antiepileptic drugs sodium valproate (VPA) and lamotrigine (LTG) are increasingly used in combination in patients in whom monotherapy has failed to control seizures. Although these drugs are known to interact pharmacokinetically, several authors have proposed a pharmacodynamic interaction between the two. In order to investigate this we have studied the(More)
Infusion of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) into the hippocampus of freely moving rats produced a concentration-dependent decrease in the extracellular levels of dopamine, an effect which was reversed by D-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (D-AP5). To determine the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in this response, two nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors,(More)
Strong evidence implicates glutamate as an excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. In the present study we have investigated the effects of different concentrations of the excitatory amino acid agonist alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid on release of 5-hydroxytryptamine in rat hippocampus using in vivo microdialysis.(More)
Two "suicide" inhibitors of GABA-aminotransferase which are known to raise the concentration of GABA in vivo and to have anti-convulsant properties, have been compared for the extent to which they produce micro-vacuoles in the brains of rats. The compounds gamma-vinyl-GABA (Vigabatrin) and ethanolamine-O-sulphate were administered orally for six months to(More)
The effects of chronic treatment with the specific, mechanism-based, irreversible inhibitors of 4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase (EC 2.6.1.19; GABA transaminase), ethanolamine O-sulphate (EOS), and 4-aminohexenoate [vigabatrin; gamma-vinyl-GABA (GVG)] on the extracellular concentrations of GABA in the hippocampus have been studied using in vivo(More)