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We report the effects of i.p. administration of sodium valproate (VPA) on extracellular concentrations of various amino acids in the rat ventral hippocampus studied using in vivo microdialysis, followed by HPLC with fluorometric detection. At the doses used (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg), VPA had no effect on extracellular aspartate, glutamine and taurine, whilst(More)
We have studied the effects of treatment with the anticonvulsants lamotrigine (LTG), phenytoin (PHN) and carbamazepine (CBZ) on basal and stimulated extracellular aspartate (ASP), glutamate (GLU), taurine (TAU), GABA, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) in the hippocampus of freely moving rats using microdialysis. All of the drugs investigated have(More)
1. We have studied the effects of acute and chronic treatment with the anticonvulsant lamotrigine (LTG) on basal and stimulated extracellular 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), dopamine (DA) and their metabolites in the hippocampus of freely moving rats using in vivo microdialysis. 2. Acute LTG (10 and 20 mg kg(-1)) decreased extracellular 5-HT, but had no effect(More)
This paper describes the isolation from reduced collagen of two new amino acids believed to be involved, in their non-reduced form, as intermolecular cross-links stabilizing the collagen fibre. The reduction of intact collagen fibrils with tritiated sodium borohydride was found to stabilize the aldehyde-mediated cross-links to acid hydrolysis and thus(More)
The effects of sodium valproate (VPA; 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg, i.p.) on ventral hippocampal and anterior caudate putamen extracellular levels of dopamine (DA) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) were examined using in vivo microdialysis. VPA induced dose-related increases in dialysate DA, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, and 5-HT in the ventral hippocampus.(More)
The antiepileptic drug lamotrigine (LTG) is a relatively novel anticonvulsant frequently used in polytherapy and increasingly in monotherapy. LTG is believed to act by reducing excitatory glutamate (GLU) release due to an inhibition of Na(+) channels. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of acute and chronic (up to 21 days) treatment with(More)
Infusion of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) into the hippocampus of freely moving rats produced a concentration-dependent decrease in the extracellular levels of dopamine, an effect which was reversed by D-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (D-AP5). To determine the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in this response, two nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors,(More)