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The aims of this study were to examine the anti-proliferative effects of different concentrations of a commercial preparation of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) mixture of isomers [cis-9, trans-11 CLA (c9,t11 CLA): trans-10, cis-12 CLA (50:50)] and their constituent isomers on PC-3, a human prostatic carcinoma cell line, and to study their effects on gene(More)
BACKGROUND The most frequent site of metastases from prostate cancer is bone. Bisphosphonates reduce excessive bone turnover while preserving bone structure and mineralization in patients with other tumor types. We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial to determine whether the first-generation bisphosphonate sodium clodronate could(More)
There is increasing evidence that essential fatty acids (EFA) may have a role to play in the aetiology of some types of cancer although their precise mode of action is unknown. Differences in the metabolism of EFA between patients with benign or malignant prostatic disease may help to elucidate their role in the latter. We have, therefore, measured the(More)
We have examined the composition of the essential fatty acids in the plasma phospholipid fractions of 98 patients with histologically proven bladder cancer. These patients were attending hospital for regular follow-up by check cystoscopy. Patients were divided into two groups, depending on the cystoscopic findings, of either active (tumour recurrence seen)(More)
Concentrations of fatty acids (FA) in prostatic tissue of patients with either benign or malignant prostatic disease have previously been shown to be significantly different. In particular, there was a significant reduction in arachidonic acid (AA, C20:4n-6) and docosapentaenoic acid (DPA, C22:5n-6) concentrations in malignant prostatic tissue (PCa)(More)
Fetal calf serum is a well known source of bovine beta2-microglobulin (beta2m) which can exchange with endogenous beta2m from, as well as promote peptide binding to, class I major histocompatibility (MHC I) molecules on cells cultured in vitro. Recombinant bovine beta2m was expressed and purified for direct functional comparison to human and murine beta2m(More)
A single centre phase II study was conducted to determine the toxicity and activity of Caelyx in hormone refractory metastatic prostate cancer. Doxorubicin is known to be active in this setting and liposomal encapsulation may enhance its therapeutic efficacy and also reduce toxicity. Fourteen patients with hormone refractory metastatic prostate cancer were(More)
A prospective randomized trial was conducted to assess the value of short-term antibiotic prophylaxis in elective transurethral resection of the prostate. Two hundred patients were randomized to receive 1.5g cephradine intramuscularly preoperatively and 1g cephradine orally before removal of the urethral catheter or to receive no antibiotic prophylaxis.(More)