Leslie E. Eisele

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Cyclic di-AMP (c-di-AMP) and cyclic di-GMP (c-di-GMP) are signaling molecules that play important roles in bacterial biology and pathogenesis. However, these nucleotides have not been explored in Streptococcus pneumoniae, an important bacterial pathogen. In this study, we characterized the c-di-AMP-associated genes of S. pneumoniae. The results showed that(More)
Cyclic diguanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) and cyclic diadenosine monophosphate (c-di-AMP) are recently identified signaling molecules. c-di-GMP has been shown to play important roles in bacterial pathogenesis, whereas information about c-di-AMP remains very limited. Mycobacterium tuberculosis Rv3586 (DacA), which is an ortholog of Bacillus subtilis DisA,(More)
Background:Most of the heritable risk of glioma is presently unaccounted for by mutations in known genes. In addition to rare inactivating germline mutations in TP53 causing glioma in the context of the Li-Fraumeni syndrome, polymorphic variation in TP53 may also contribute to the risk of developing glioma.Methods:To comprehensively evaluate the impact of(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), when activated by exogenous ligands such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), regulates expression of several phase I and phase II enzymes and is also involved in the regulation of cell proliferation. Several studies suggest that endogenous AhR ligand(s) may exist. One putative endogenous ligand is indirubin,(More)
A 34-amino-acid peptide has been chemically synthesized based on a sequence from human alpha-fetoprotein. The purified peptide is active in anti-growth assays when freshly prepared in pH 7.4 buffer at 0.20 g/l, but this peptide slowly becomes inactive. This functional change is proven by mass spectrometry to be triggered by the formation of an intrapeptide(More)
Blocking activity with intraocular tetrodotoxin prevents the sharpening of the retinotectal map formed during regeneration of the optic nerve. If (under normal conditions) the initially diffuse map sharpens because of correlated activity in neighboring but not distant ganglion cells, then sharpening should also be prevented merely by disrupting the(More)
A novel biliprotein, named R-phycoerythrin IV, has been discovered. It absorbs blue light better than any other known red algal biliprotein. The protein was found in Phyllophora antarctica, a benthic macroalga, which grows beneath the coastal waters of McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Fluorescence emission and fluorescence excitation polarization spectroscopy(More)
A 34-amino acid synthetic peptide was derived from the third domain of human alpha-fetoprotein, and the peptide was shown to inhibit estrogen-stimulated growth. Under certain conditions, however, the peptide lost growth-inhibitory activity. A biophysical study of the peptide was undertaken with a goal of obtaining completely reliable preparations. The(More)
A 34-amino acid portion of the third domain of alpha-fetoprotein possesses antigrowth and anticancer activities. Three analogs of this sequence were chemically synthesized, in which the two cysteines of the original sequence were replaced by alanines, glycines or serines. The original cysteine and alanine peptides formed trimers at 0.20 g/L in pH 7.4(More)
Phycoerythrin 545 was isolated having an alpha2beta2 (dimer) protein structure at pH 6.0 and 2 g/L protein concentration with eight bilin chromophores. Monomers (alphabeta) were produced by lowering the protein concentration to 0.15 g/L and the pH to 4.5. Dimer dissociation was monitored by dynamic light scattering and gel-filtration column chromatography.(More)