Leslie A. Taylor

Learn More
Biochemical and molecular genetic evidence is presented that in six independent pedigrees the development of Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is due to the same primary mutation in the mitochondrial ND1 gene. A LHON family from the Newcastle area of Great Britain was analyzed in depth to determine the mitochondrial genetic etiology of their disease.(More)
Bradykinin B1 receptor (BKB1R) is involved in a variety of pathophysiological processes, particularly those related to inflammation. The gene for this receptor is known to be upregulated by interleukin (IL)-1beta, a proinflammatory cytokine. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in the regulation of the BKB1R gene expression have not been defined. We(More)
1. Whole-cell and single-channel patch-clamp recordings of calcium (Ca2+) currents were made in acutely dissociated neurons from the medial septum (MS) and nucleus of the diagonal band (nDB) of adult guinea pig. Barium (Ba2+) was used as the charge carrier across the Ca2+ channel and multiple channel types were identified in different cell types. 2. Both(More)
The regulation of lysyl oxidase produced by cultured, lipid-enriched, neonatal rat lung fibroblasts was explored. The presence of 40 pM of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) in overnight cultures increased levels of enzyme secreted into the medium by 1.6-fold while steady-state levels of lysyl oxidase mRNA increased similarly. In contrast,(More)
In a recent communication, we demonstrated that prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) lowers basal while it ablates interleukin-1beta((IL-1beta) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) upregulated lysyl oxidase (LO) mRNA levels. Correspondingly, PGE2 increases cyclooxygenase-1 (COX1) mRNA in diploid, human embryo lung fibroblasts (IMR90) [Roy et al., 19961. We now(More)
Prostaglandin E2, transforming growth factor-beta, and interleukin-1 beta variably regulate the expression of cyclooxygenase 1, cyclooxygenase 2, and lysyl oxidase in IMR90, human embryo lung fibroblasts. Prostaglandin E2 at 100 nM upregulates cyclooxygenase 1 mRNA by approximately three-fold while it downregulates lysyl oxidase mRNA levels. Notably,(More)
Presently, little is known of the amino acid motif(s) participating in bradykinin B2 receptor-mediated signal transduction processes. In this report we investigate the potential role of the two existing tyrosine (Tyr) residues in the intracellular regions and the carboxyl terminus in the regulatory function of this receptor. Rat-1 cells, which do not(More)
To investigate the mechanisms of bradykinin B1 (BKB1) receptor gene expression, transient DNA transfection analyses of human BKB1 receptor gene promoter were performed in SV-40 transformed IMR90 cells. A positive regulatory element (PRE) located at position -604 to -448 base pair (bp) upstream of the transcription start site consistently exhibited, by far,(More)
The bradykinin B1 receptor (BKB1R) gene is expressed in selected tissues such as lung and kidney. In these tissues it is expressed at a very low level until induced by inflammatory mediators. Our aim has been to understand the mechanism of this regulatory process. A human BKB1R minigene was constructed. It contained a 1.8 kb promoter, the entire exon I, 1.5(More)
Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a key mediator in the migration of neutrophils from the circulation to the site of inflammation in the tissue. IL-8 is secreted by many cell types in response to proinflammatory stimuli such as interleukin 1, tumor necrosis factor, and lipopolysaccharide and is a potent chemoattractant and activator of neutrophils. Neutrophil(More)