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Over the past 16 years, 18 children under 2 years of age received chronic hemodialysis (HD) at our center. Five children were anuric at the start of HD and 6 had significant co-morbidity. The most common underlying diagnosis was posterior urethral valves. The median age at the start of HD was 12.2 months. A total of 39 episodes (defined as a discrete time(More)
BACKGROUND Campylobacter jejuni can cause a spectrum of diseases in humans, ranging from enteritis and diarrhoea to severe inflammation, profuse bloody diarrhoea and chronic relapsing infection. Norepinephrine (NE) levels in the intestine increase under conditions of stress and trauma, and are thought to result in spill over of NE into the intestinal lumen.(More)
Little information exists regarding the efficacy, modifiers, and outcomes of anemia management in children with CKD or ESRD. We assessed practices, effectors, and outcomes of anemia management in 1394 pediatric patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) who were prospectively followed in 30 countries. We noted that 25% of patients had hemoglobin levels(More)
Hereditary defects of coenzyme Q10 biosynthesis cause steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) as part of multiorgan involvement but may also contribute to isolated SRNS. Here, we report 26 patients from 12 families with recessive mutations in ADCK4. Mutation detection rate was 1.9% among 534 consecutively screened cases. Patients with ADCK4 mutations(More)
In chronic kidney disease (CKD) vascular calcification occurs in response to deranged calcium and phosphate metabolism and is characterized by vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) damage and attrition. To gain mechanistic insights into how calcium and phosphate mediate calcification, we used an ex vivo model of human vessel culture. Vessel rings from healthy(More)
AIMS To evaluate the efficacy (height velocity (HV), change in height standard deviation score (delta HSDS)), and safety (glomerular filtration rate (GFR), incidence of rejection, and calcium and glucose metabolism) of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) treatment after renal transplantation. DESIGN A two year randomised controlled trial. SUBJECTS(More)
Cardiovascular disease is increasingly recognized as a life-limiting problem in young patients with chronic kidney disease, but there are few studies in children that describe its determinants. We studied the association of intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels and their management on vascular structure and function in 85 children, ages 5-18 years, who(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of childhood overweight is rising worldwide, but in children on renal replacement therapy (RRT) a poor nutritional status is still the primary concern. We aimed to study the prevalence of, and factors associated with, underweight and overweight/obesity in the European paediatric RRT population. Moreover, we assessed the evolution(More)
The objectives of this study are: (1) to understand the importance of nutrition in normal growth; (2) to review the methods of assessing nutritional status; (3) to review the dietary requirements of normal children throughout childhood, including protein, energy, vitamins and minerals; (4) to review recommendations for the nutritional requirements of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES In 2000, we reported the outcome of 101 children with a GFR <20 ml/min per 1.73 m2 at 0.3 yr of age (range 0.0 to 1.5 yr). Long-term data on such young children are scarce. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS Mortality, treatment modalities, and growth were reanalyzed 9.9 yr later. RESULTS Of the 101 patients, 28 died(More)