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In order to measure the intrafamilial correlation for age at onset and to examine gender resemblance among bipolar siblings, we assessed a sample of 130 bipolar patients belonging to 59 multiple affected sibships. To study the intrafamilial resemblance for age at onset and gender, we used the intraclass correlation and the sibship method, respectively.(More)
OBJECTIVE Preliminary data suggested that there are three subgroups of bipolar affective disorder based on age at onset. The authors sought to replicate those findings and determine the cut-off age of each subgroup. METHOD Admixture analysis was used to determine the best-fitting model for the observed ages at onset of 368 consecutively admitted patients.(More)
BACKGROUND Disturbances in central nervous system Na+, K+ adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) activity have previously been proposed as being involved in the pathophysiology of bipolar mood disorder. METHODS We have examined one particular alpha subunit of this enzyme for allelic association in a sample of 85 Irish bipolar patients and 85 matched controls.(More)
The human T developmental gene has been implicated in the etiology of neural tube defects (NTDs) on the basis both of mouse studies of its homologue, T (Brachyury), and of allelic association in a Caucasian population. We have investigated the frequency of the T allelic variant TIVS7-2 in 218 Irish NTD case-parent triads. This population showed the same(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether functional cytokine gene polymorphisms influence disease susceptibility and phenotype in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS DNA was obtained from 147 PsA patients and 389 controls. Seven functional proinflammatory (interleukin-1beta [IL-1beta] +3953, IL-6 -174, tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNFalpha] -308,(More)
Thyroid hormones are major determinants of skeletal muscle differentiation in vivo. Triiodo-L-thyronine treatment promotes terminal muscle differentiation and results in increased MyoD gene transcription in myogenic cell lines; furthermore myoD and fast myosin heavy chain gene expression are activated in rodent slow twitch muscle fibers (Molecular(More)
The prothrombin G20210A polymorphism is associated with a threefold-increased risk of venous thrombosis. There is considerable variation in the reported prevalence of this polymorphism within normal populations, ranging from 0 to 6.5%. The prevalence within the Irish population has not been determined. A restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)-based(More)
The newly identified Sox gene family (Sry-like HMG-box gene) is characterized by a conserved DNA sequence encoding a domain of approx. 80 amino acids (aa) which is responsible for sequence-specific DNA binding. The first member isolated, the mammalian Y-linked testis-determining gene, Sry, is necessary and sufficient for male development. We report here the(More)
Patients with meningococcal disease have increased plasma levels of proinflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-1beta, and TNF-alpha, with higher levels associated with fatal outcome. This study investigated whether polymorphisms in genes encoding these cytokines, and in those encoding anti-inflammatory IL-10 and IL-1Ra, are associated with the outcome in patients(More)
Recent studies have suggested that expanded CAG/CTG repeats contribute to the genetic aetiology of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. However, the nature of this contribution is uncertain and difficult to predict from other known trinucleotide repeat diseases that display much simpler patterns of inheritance. We have sought to replicate and extend earlier(More)