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In order to measure the intrafamilial correlation for age at onset and to examine gender resemblance among bipolar siblings, we assessed a sample of 130 bipolar patients belonging to 59 multiple affected sibships. To study the intrafamilial resemblance for age at onset and gender, we used the intraclass correlation and the sibship method, respectively.(More)
OBJECTIVE Preliminary data suggested that there are three subgroups of bipolar affective disorder based on age at onset. The authors sought to replicate those findings and determine the cut-off age of each subgroup. METHOD Admixture analysis was used to determine the best-fitting model for the observed ages at onset of 368 consecutively admitted patients.(More)
Thyroid hormones are major determinants of skeletal muscle differentiation in vivo. Triiodo-L-thyronine treatment promotes terminal muscle differentiation and results in increased MyoD gene transcription in myogenic cell lines; furthermore myoD and fast myosin heavy chain gene expression are activated in rodent slow twitch muscle fibers (Molecular(More)
Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) catalyses the methylation, and hence the inactivation, of catecholamines including the neurotransmitters dopamine and noradrenaline. There is evidence implicating COMT as a candidate gene for a number of neuropsychiatric conditions including bipolar disorder. A long recognized population variation in COMT activity exists(More)
BACKGROUND Disturbances in central nervous system Na+, K+ adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) activity have previously been proposed as being involved in the pathophysiology of bipolar mood disorder. METHODS We have examined one particular alpha subunit of this enzyme for allelic association in a sample of 85 Irish bipolar patients and 85 matched controls.(More)
The phenomenon of anticipation has been demonstrated in several neuropsychiatric disorders and suggested for schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder. Many conditions exhibiting anticipation have been shown to be caused by trinucleotide repeat (CAG/CTG) expansions. Some evidence suggests that these expansions also exist in individuals with schizophrenia(More)
Following the description of linkage of markers at chromosome 4p16 to bipolar disorder in several families [Blackwood et al., 1996], and the association of the alleles of a polymorphism closely linked to D5 dopamine receptor gene with schizophrenia [Williams et al., 1997], we have looked for linkage disequilibrium between a series of microsatellite markers(More)
The mechanisms responsible for development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have not been fully elucidated, although the main cause of disease pathology is attributed to up-regulated inflammatory processes. The aim of this study was to investigate frequencies of polymorphisms in genes encoding pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory markers in IBD(More)
Recent studies have suggested that expanded CAG/CTG repeats contribute to the genetic aetiology of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. However, the nature of this contribution is uncertain and difficult to predict from other known trinucleotide repeat diseases that display much simpler patterns of inheritance. We have sought to replicate and extend earlier(More)
Oestrogen, a sex steroid hormone, has long been hypothesized to be involved in alterations to pathways involved in neurotransmission, and therefore may be involved in neuropsychiatric conditions including bipolar disorder. Indeed, certain depressive disorders in women have been found to be associated with low levels of oestrogen and can be much improved by(More)