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Aging appears to attenuate leg blood flow during exercise; in contrast, such data are scant and do not support this contention in the arm. Therefore, to determine whether aging has differing effects on blood flow in the arm and leg, eight young (22 +/- 6 yr) and six old (71 +/- 15 yr) subjects separately performed dynamic knee extensor [0, 3, 6, 9 W; 20,(More)
Originally thought of as simply damaging or toxic "accidents" of in vivo chemistry, free radicals are becoming increasingly recognized as redox signaling molecules implicit in cellular homeostasis. Indeed, at the vascular level, it is plausible that oxidative stress plays a regulatory role in normal vascular function. Using electron paramagnetic resonance(More)
Arm and leg vascular responsiveness to comparable shear stimuli during isolated dynamic exercise has not been assessed in humans. Consequently, six young cyclists performed incremental, intermittent handgrip exercise (arm) and knee-extensor exercise (leg) from 5 to 60% of maximal work rate (WR). Ultrasound Doppler measurements were taken in the brachial(More)
We sought to identify the relationship between shear stimuli and flow-mediated vasodilation and to determine whether small muscle mass exercise training could provoke limb-specific improvements in endothelial function in older subjects. In five young (22 +/- 1 yr old) and six old (71 +/- 2 yr old) subjects, ultrasound Doppler measurements were taken in the(More)
Both antioxidant supplementation and exercise training have been identified as interventions which may reduce oxidative stress and thus improve cardiovascular health, but the interaction of these interventions on arterial BP (blood pressure) and vascular function has not been studied in older humans. Thus in six older (71+/-2 years) mildly hypertensive men,(More)
Incremental knee extensor (KE) exercise performed at 25, 70, and 100% of single-leg maximal work rate (WR(MAX)) was combined with ex vivo electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopic detection of alpha-phenyl-tert-butylnitrone (PBN) adducts, lipid hydroperoxides (LH), and associated parameters in five males. Blood samples were taken from the femoral(More)
Cancer progression represents an evolutionary process where overall genome level changes reflect system instability and serve as a driving force for evolving new systems. To illustrate this principle it must be demonstrated that karyotypic heterogeneity (population diversity) directly contributes to tumorigenicity. Five well characterized in vitro tumor(More)
To further explore the limitations to maximal O(2) consumption (.VO(2 max)) in exercise-trained skeletal muscle, six cyclists performed graded knee-extensor exercise to maximum work rate (WR(max)) in hypoxia (12% O(2)), hyperoxia (100% O(2)), and hyperoxia + femoral arterial infusion of adenosine (ADO) at 80% WR(max). Arterial and venous blood sampling and(More)
The importance of the chromosome versus the gene as a causative agent in cancer formation has sparked a heated debate. This issue is directly related to two different schools of thought, namely the gene-centric or genome-centric paradigms of cancer research [1–3]. For decades we have essentially ignored the evolutionary nature of complex cancer systems due(More)
We measured leg blood flow (LBF), drew arterial-venous (a-v) blood samples, and calculated muscle O 2 consumption (VO 2), during incremental cycle ergometry exercise (15, 30, 99 W, and maximal effort (WR max)), in 9 sedentary younger (Y, 20 ± 1 yrs) and 9 sedentary older (O, 70 ± 2 yrs) males. LBF was preserved in the older subjects at 15 and 30 Watts.(More)