Lesley Jayne Ashton

Learn More
BACKGROUND AND METHODS The Sydney Blood Bank Cohort consists of a blood donor and eight transfusion recipients who were infected before 1985 with a strain of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) with a deletion in the region in which the nef gene and the long terminal repeat overlap. Two recipients have died since 1994, at 77 and 83 years of age, of(More)
BACKGROUND Studies relating certain chemokine and chemokine receptor gene alleles with the outcome of HIV-1 infection have yielded inconsistent results. OBJECTIVE To examine postulated associations of genetic alleles with HIV-1 disease progression. DESIGN Meta-analysis of individual-patient data. SETTING 19 prospective cohort studies and case-control(More)
Inactivation of the p53 tumor suppressor pathway allows cell survival in times of stress and occurs in many human cancers; however, normal embryonic stem cells and some cancers such as neuroblastoma maintain wild-type human TP53 and mouse Trp53 (referred to collectively as p53 herein). Here we describe a miRNA, miR-380-5p, that represses p53 expression via(More)
Members of the Sydney Blood Bank Cohort (SBBC) have been infected with an attenuated strain of HIV-1 with a natural nef/LTR mutation and have maintained relatively stable CD4+ T lymphocyte counts for 14-18 years. Flow cytometric analysis was used to examine the phenotype of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes in these subjects, including the immunologically(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the influence of CCR5 promoter polymorphisms on HIV-1 progression to AIDS and to evaluate the interaction between CCR5 structural polymorphisms and those occurring in the regulatory region of the same gene. PARTICIPANTS Seventy-one HIV-1-infected long-term non-progressors with a CD4+ T cell count of > 500 x 10(6)/I more than 8 years(More)
Long-term survivors (LTS) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection provide an opportunity to investigate both viral and host factors that influence the rate of disease progression. We have identified three HIV-1-infected individuals in Australia who have been infected for over 11 years with viruses that contain deletions in the nef and(More)
BACKGROUND The beta-chemokine receptor CCR-5 is used as a coreceptor by macrophage-tropic strains of HIV-1 to gain entry into CD4+ cells. OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of a common 32 base-pair deletion mutation in the CCR-5 gene (CCR-5 delta 32) on progression of HIV infection to AIDS, and to assess the level of heterozygosity for this mutation in a(More)
The host and viral factors that underlie infection with HIV-1 vary considerably with some individuals progressing to AIDS within 3 to 5 years after infection, whereas others remain clinically asymptomatic for over 10 years. Host factors that may contribute to disease progression include HLA and allelic variants of the chemokine receptors CCR5 and CCR2,(More)
Population-based evidence on second cancer risk following autologous haematopoietic SCT (HCT) is lacking. We quantified second cancer risk for a national, population-based cohort of adult Australians receiving autologous HCT for cancer and notified to the Australasian Bone Marrow Transplant Recipient Registry 1992–2007 (n=7765). Cancer diagnoses and deaths(More)
Childhood brain tumors (CBT) are the leading cause of cancer death in children; their risk factors are still largely unknown. Since most CBTs are diagnosed before five years of age, prenatal exposure and early postnatal factors may be involved in their etiology. We investigated the association between CBT and parental occupational exposure to engine(More)