Lesley J Reynolds

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Methyl arachidonyl fluorophosphonate (MAFP) has been recently reported to be a selective, active-site directed, irreversible inhibitor of the Group IV 85 kDa cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2). We have now shown that this compound also potently inhibits the Ca(2+)-independent cytosolic phospholipase A2 (iPLA2). MAFP inhibited iPLA2 in a(More)
The development of a reliable assay for human synovial fluid phospholipase A2 (HSF PLA2) is important for the kinetic characterization of the enzyme and for the identification of enzyme inhibitors. This enzyme behaves differently from other extracellular PLA2s in many standard phospholipase assays and is generally assayed using radiolabeled, autoclaved(More)
Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) hydrolyzes the sn-2-acyl ester bond of phospholipids and shows a preference for arachidonic acid-containing substrates. We found previously that Ser-228 is essential for enzyme activity and is likely to function as a nucleophile in the catalytic center of the enzyme (Sharp, J. D., White, D. L., Chiou, X. G., Goodson, T.,(More)
We have previously described the irreversible inhibition of cobra venom phospholipase A2 (PLA2) by the marine natural product manoalide (MLD) (Lombardo, D., and Dennis, E. A. (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 7234-7240) and by its synthetic analog, manoalogue (MLG) (Reynolds L. J., Morgan, B. P., Hite, G. A., Mihelich, E. D., and Dennis, E. A. (1988) J. Am. Chem.(More)
Human cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) is an 85-kDa protein which displays a preference for arachidonoyl phospholipids as substrates. This substrate preference and the assay characteristics of the enzyme are quite different from those of the smaller, more well-studied extracellular PLA2s. We now report the development of a nonradioactive,(More)
With a view to their use in cancer therapy, we have produced rat monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) directed against 5 distinct epitopes (A-E) on the external domain of the wild-type human EGF receptor (EGFR). Here, we have investigated the relative binding and anti-tumour activity of our anti-EGFR MAbs against HC2 20d2/c cells, which have been engineered to(More)
Of the general considerations discussed, the two issues which are most important in choosing an assay are (1) what sensitivity is required to assay a particular enzyme and (2) whether the assay must be continuous. One can narrow the options further by considering substrate availability, enzyme specificity, assay convenience, or the presence of incompatible(More)
The extracellular phospholipase A2s (PLA2) from cobra venom, rattlesnake venom, and porcine pancreas were analyzed by radiation inactivation to determine their functional aggregation states. The analysis was performed in the presence of the protein transferrin at two different concentrations of PLA2: 5 micrograms/ml. The small size of these proteins(More)
A series of [p-(halomethyl)benzoyl]formates have been investigated as substrates for benzoylformate decarboxylase. These analogues vary from acting as normal substrates to acting as potent competitive inhibitors. The fluoro analogue is a substrate with Km (190 microM) and turnover number (20 s-1) similar to those of benzoylformate (Km = 340 microM; 81 s-1).(More)