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The genetic control of induction to flowering has been studied extensively in both model and crop species because of its fundamental biological and economic significance. An ultimate aim of many of these studies has been the application of the understanding of control of flowering that can be gained from the study of model species, to the improvement of(More)
Mutational load and resource allocation factors and their effects on limiting seed set were investigated in ryegrass by comparative mapping genomics and quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis in two perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) mapping families sharing common genetic markers. Quantitative trait loci for seed-set were identified on chromosome (LG) 7(More)
Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping, which can be a useful tool for dissecting complex traits, has been used here to study the regulation of fructan metabolism in temperate forage grasses. An F2 mapping family, derived from a high water-soluble carbohydrate (WSC) x low WSC cross, was used to map fructans and the other components of WSC (sucrose, glucose(More)
The two-locus gametophytic incompatibility system in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) is not always fully effective: obligate selfing of plants sieves self-compatible pollen mutants, and self-fertility becomes fixed in subsequent generations. Self-compatibility (SC) was investigated in an F2 family. In vitro self-pollinations were analysed and(More)
* The role of fructan in growth and drought-stress responses of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) was investigated in an F(2) mapping family that segregates for carbohydrate metabolism. * A quantitative trait locus approach was used to compare the genetic control of traits. * Growth and drought-stress traits were extremely variable within the family. Most(More)
Increasing the extractable sugar yield from perennial crops is one strategy to generate renewable fuels such as bio-ethanol. Lolium perenne L. (perennial ryegrass) can contain significant (>30% dry matter) water-soluble sugars in the form of polymeric fructan which is readily extracted, broken down and fermented to bio-ethanol. A population of L. perenne(More)
Here, we review the current genetic approaches for grass improvement and their potential for the enhanced breeding of new varieties appropriate for a sustainable agriculture in a changing global climate. These generally out-breeding, perennial, self-incompatible species present unique challenges and opportunities for genetic analysis. We emphasise their(More)
A formula for the electromagnetic scattering amplitude is presented. Using the Rayleigh-Gans-Born approximation, we apply it to the alculation of Stokes matrices for ensembles of randomly oriented anisotropic particles. Two types of anisotropy are treated in detail: particles of any shape with a variable scalar refractive index n(r)delta(ij) and spherical(More)
We report on the evaluation of a novel grass hybrid that provides efficient forage production and could help mitigate flooding. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is the grass species of choice for most farmers, but lacks resilience against extremes of climate. We hybridised L. perenne onto a closely related and more stress-resistant grass species, meadow(More)
Microsynteny with rice and comparative genetic mapping were used to identify candidate orthologous sequences to the rice Hd1(Se1) gene in Lolium perenne and Festuca pratensis. A F. pratensis bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library was screened with a marker (S2539) physically close to Hd1 in rice to identify the equivalent genomic region in F.(More)