Lesley A. Kane

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Ischemic preconditioning is characterized by resistance to ischemia reperfusion injury in response to previous short ischemic episodes, a protective effect that can be mimicked pharmacologically. The underlying mechanism of protection remains controversial and requires greater understanding before it can be fully exploited therapeutically. To investigate(More)
Islet amyloid derived from islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) is a well-recognized feature of type II diabetes. However, the mechanism of islet amyloidogenesis is unknown. In vitro studies suggest that amino acid residues 20-29 in human, but not mouse, IAPP confer amyloidogenicity consistent with the absence of spontaneous islet amyloidosis in mice. Several(More)
S-nitrosation (SNO) of mitochondrial protein cysteines can be cardioprotective. Several targets have been implicated, yet the scope and identification of specific residues has not been fully assessed. To address this, a comprehensive assessment of mitochondrial SNO-modifiable cysteines was performed to determine nitric oxide (NO) susceptible pathways and(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) improves chamber mechanoenergetics and morbidity and mortality of patients manifesting heart failure with ventricular dyssynchrony; however, little is known about the molecular changes underlying CRT benefits. We hypothesized that mitochondria may play an important role because of their involvement in(More)
The F-type ATP synthase complex is a rotary nano-motor driven by proton motive force to synthesize ATP. Its F(1) sector catalyzes ATP synthesis, whereas the F(o) sector conducts the protons and provides a stator for the rotary action of the complex. Components of both F(1) and F(o) sectors are highly conserved across prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Therefore,(More)
Keratin 17 (K17) is a type I intermediate filament protein that is constitutively expressed in ectoderm-derived epithelial appendages and robustly induced in epidermis following injury, during inflammation, and in chronic diseases such as psoriasis and cancer. Mutations within K17 are responsible for two rare diseases related to ectodermal dysplasias.(More)
Quantitative analysis of high affinity [3H]5-HT binding to 5-HT1 receptors in the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral spinal cord of the cat revealed specific binding throughout the grey matter, with the highest levels of binding in laminae II and III, and the lowest levels in laminae I and VII. Relatively high levels were also observed in the thoracic(More)
This unit outlines the steps required to prepare a sample for MS analysis following protein separation or enrichment by gel electrophoresis, liquid chromatography, and affinity capture within the context of a bottom-up proteomics workflow in which the protein is first broken up into peptides, either by chemical or enzymatic digestion, prior to MS analysis.(More)
RATIONALE We previously discovered several phosphorylations to the beta subunit of the mitochondrial F(1)F(o) ATP synthase complex in isolated rabbit myocytes on adenosine treatment, an agent that induces cardioprotection. The role of these phosphorylations is unknown. OBJECTIVE The present study focuses on the functional consequences of phosphorylation(More)
Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is characterized by concurrent loss of beta-cells and deposition of islet amyloid derived from islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP). We have previously demonstrated that IAPP-derived amyloid forms intracellularly in humans with chronic excess insulin expression (eg, insulinoma and insulin receptor antibody-induced insulin(More)