Learn More
Eukaryotic transcriptional regulation often involves regulatory elements separated from the cognate genes by long distances, whereas appropriately positioned insulator or enhancer-blocking elements shield promoters from illegitimate enhancer action. Four proteins have been identified in Drosophila mediating enhancer blocking-Su(Hw), Zw5, BEAF32 and GAGA(More)
In the last 5 years, many co-repressors have been identified in eukaryotes that function in a wide range of species, from yeast to Drosophila and humans. Co-repressors are coregulators that are recruited by DNA-bound transcriptional silencers and play essential roles in many pathways including differentiation, proliferation, programmed cell death, and cell(More)
Rev-erbbeta is an orphan nuclear receptor that selectively blocks trans-activation mediated by the retinoic acid-related orphan receptor-alpha (RORalpha). RORalpha has been implicated in the regulation of high density lipoprotein cholesterol, lipid homeostasis, and inflammation. Reverbbeta and RORalpha are expressed in similar tissues, including skeletal(More)
CUB-domain-containing protein 1 (CDCP1) is an integral membrane glycoprotein with potential as a marker and therapeutic target for a number of cancers. Here we examine mechanisms regulating cellular processing of CDCP1. By analyzing cell lines exclusively passaged non-enzymatically and through use of a panel of protease inhibitors, we demonstrate that(More)
Thyroid hormones and thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) confer a fundamental regulation of critical genes involved in metabolism, differentiation, and development. A similar role is attributed to the highly conserved zinc-finger factor CTCF. Furthermore, a potential role in tumour suppression has been attributed to CTCF. In addition to promoter regulation,(More)
Repression of transcription by the classical nuclear receptors (e.g. TR, RAR), the orphan nuclear receptors (e.g. Rev-erbAalpha/beta), Mxi-1 and Mad bHLH-zip proteins and the oncoproteins PLZF and LAZ3/BCL6 is mediated by the corepressors N-CoR and SMRT. The interaction of the corepressors with the components involved in chromatin remodelling, such as the(More)
Multiple functions have been reported for the transcription factor and candidate tumour suppressor, CTCF. Among others, they include regulation of cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis, enhancer-blocking activity and control of imprinted genes. CTCF is usually localized in the nucleus and its subcellular distribution during the cell cycle is dynamic;(More)
Most of the transcription factors, RNA polymerases and enhancer binding factors are absent from condensed mitotic chromosomes. In contrast, epigenetic marks of active and inactive genes somehow survive mitosis, since the activity status from one cell generation to the next is maintained. For the zinc-finger protein CTCF, a role in interpreting and(More)
Rev-erbA alpha and RVR/Rev-erb beta/BD73 are orphan steroid receptors that have no known ligands in the 'classical sense'. These 'orphans' do not activate transcription, but function as dominant transcriptional silencers. The thyroid hormone receptor (TR) and the retinoic acid receptor (RAR) act as transcriptional silencers by binding corepressors (e.g.(More)
The insulator and transcription factor CTCF is a highly conserved 11 zinc finger protein possessing multiple specifities in DNA sequence recognition. CTCF regulates transcription of several genes, like the human oncogene c-myc or the chicken lysozyme gene by binding extremely divergent DNA sequences with different sets of its 11 zinc fingers. Recently, an(More)