Lesław T Niebrój

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Children, because of age-related reasons, are a vulnerable population, and protecting their health is a social, scientific and emotional priority. The increased susceptibility of children and fetuses to environmental (including genotoxic) agents has been widely discussed by the scientific community. Children may experience different levels of chemical(More)
BACKGROUND The assumption that moral responsibility is a constitutive feature of the human person could almost be considered as the raison d'être of ethics and consequently of bioethics. In fact, the concept of"common morality", which is becoming ever more popular within the mainstream of bioethics, assumes that certain, even if elementary, experience of(More)
BACKGROUND Since 1980s, the problem of pain experienced by newborns has met with increasing interest both in research work and in clinical practice. It is worth noting that significant progress in neurophysiologic basis of pain and in diagnostic and therapeutic methods have occurred during that time. AIM This study primarily aims at describing opinions of(More)
Euthanasia is commonly considered as a form of suicide. The study aims to explore if such a presumption could be justified. Philosophical analysis of concepts of "human being", "human person", "biological life" and "life of human person", undertaken in this article, proved that the effective cause of suicide is obviously different from such a cause of(More)
  • L T Niebrój
  • Journal of physiology and pharmacology : an…
  • 2005
In the contemporary bioethics, patient's autonomy is often recognized as the most important issue. This autonomy is interpreted as the right to self-determination regarding all medical-related decisions. An essential condition of autonomous decisions is the adequate knowledge of the issues involved. The "informed consent" has become a gold standard of(More)
The issue of autonomy seems to play a very central and fundamental role in contemporary medical ethics. However, it should be emphasized, that there is no agreement on how the concept of autonomy ought to be understood. Although as the main intellectual framework to describe the meaning of "autonomy" is the use of philosophical system of John St. Mill or(More)
Although the importance of medical research for the diagnosis and treatment of human diseases is unquestionable, the use of human subjects, however, still presents a complex ethical problem. Moral difficulties occur in particular when the medical research deals with vulnerable subjects. Vulnerable individuals are defined as those who experience diminished(More)
The purpose of the article is: (1) to describe deontological guidelines which regulate medical research involving human subjects in Poland, and (2) to clarify the understanding of the fundamental ethical concepts presented in these documents. To do this, two main documents are analysed: (1) the Polish Medical Ethics Code, which was approved by the 7th(More)
Georgetown Mantra, recognized as sui generis credo of the principalism in the contemporary bioethics, introduces two radically new principles into medical ethics: observance of the patient's autonomy during the therapeutic process, and justice. The first of them, on the ground of post-modernistic individualism, seems to be well elaborated. The second one,(More)
Traditionally, nursing's leading role is considered as an indirect function, i.e. the professional function, which is aimed at nurse development rather than the patient. In contemporary medicine both therapeutic as well as nursing tasks are performed by a team rather than an individual, being it a doctor or a nurse, respectively. No teamwork can be(More)