Leroy Hall

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Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) is an animal model for rheumatoid arthritis. The disease is elicited by immunization of genetically susceptible DBA/1 mice with type II collagen, resulting in a debilitating arthritis characterized by inflammation and involvement of multiple joints. We investigated the role of endogenous interleukin (IL)-12 in the(More)
Identification of circulating microRNAs for the diagnosis of liver injury and as an indicator of underlying pathology has been the subject of recent investigations. While several studies have been conducted, with particular emphasis on miR-122, the timing of miRNA release into the circulation and anchoring to tissue pathology has not been systematically(More)
Accumulation of aminoglycoside antibiotics and phospholipids in lysosomes is a prominent feature of aminoglycoside nephrotoxicity, suggesting the possibility that these agents may inhibit the activity of lysosomal phospholipases. We examined the effect of four aminoglycoside antibiotics, amikacin, dibekacin gentamicin and tobramycin, on the hydrolysis of(More)
A major directive of Pharmaceutical Research and Development (R&D) is to efficiently advance potential new chemical entities (NCEs) from the Discovery therapeutic area into Global Preclinical Development (GPCD), where a safety profile can be established. To facilitate the transition a comprehensive toxicity evaluation is required. In order to support both(More)
Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a β-galactoside-binding lectin implicated in the regulation of macrophage activation and inflammatory mediator production. In the present studies, we analyzed the role of Gal-3 in liver inflammation and injury induced by acetaminophen (APAP). Treatment of wild-type (WT) mice with APAP (300 mg/kg, ip) resulted in centrilobular hepatic(More)
Doripenem is a carbapenem with potent broad-spectrum activity against Gram-negative pathogens, including antibiotic-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. As the incidence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Gram-negative bacilli is increasing, it was of interest to examine the in vivo comparative efficacy of doripenem, imipenem, and meropenem against(More)
Nitrogen mustard (NM) is a toxic alkylating agent that causes damage to the respiratory tract. Evidence suggests that macrophages and inflammatory mediators including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)α contribute to pulmonary injury. Pentoxifylline is a TNFα inhibitor known to suppress inflammation. In these studies, we analyzed the ability of pentoxifylline to(More)
Cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) plays a pivotal role in inflammation by catalyzing the release of arachidonic acid, a substrate for lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase enzymes, from membrane phospholipids. In the present study we examined the role of cPLA(2) in inflammatory responses through the use of a specific inhibitor of the enzyme, cPLA(2),(More)
In these studies we determined whether progressive pulmonary inflammation associated with aging in surfactant protein D (Sftpd)-/- mice leads to an exacerbated response to ozone. In Sftpd-/- mice, but not wild-type (WT) mice, age-related increases in numbers of enlarged vacuolated macrophages were observed in the lung, along with alveolar wall rupture, type(More)