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Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) is an animal model for rheumatoid arthritis. The disease is elicited by immunization of genetically susceptible DBA/1 mice with type II collagen, resulting in a debilitating arthritis characterized by inflammation and involvement of multiple joints. We investigated the role of endogenous interleukin (IL)-12 in the(More)
Identification of circulating microRNAs for the diagnosis of liver injury and as an indicator of underlying pathology has been the subject of recent investigations. While several studies have been conducted, with particular emphasis on miR-122, the timing of miRNA release into the circulation and anchoring to tissue pathology has not been systematically(More)
Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a β-galactoside-binding lectin implicated in the regulation of macrophage activation and inflammatory mediator production. In the present studies, we analyzed the role of Gal-3 in liver inflammation and injury induced by acetaminophen (APAP). Treatment of wild-type (WT) mice with APAP (300 mg/kg, ip) resulted in centrilobular hepatic(More)
Nitrogen mustard (NM) is a vesicant that causes lung injury and fibrosis, accompanied by a persistent macrophage inflammatory response. In these studies we analyzed the spleen as a source of these cells. Splenectomized (SPX) and sham control rats were treated intratracheally with NM (0.125 mg/kg) or PBS control. Macrophage responses were analyzed 1-7 days(More)
Nephrotoxicity is an important side effect of aminoglycoside antibiotics, which are used to control infections caused by Gram-negative bacteria. Accumulation of aminoglycosides and phospholipids in the lysosomes is a prominent and early feature of aminoglycoside nephrotoxicity and is characterized histologically by the presence of numerous multilamellar(More)
Nitrogen mustard (NM) is a toxic vesicant known to cause damage to the respiratory tract. Injury is associated with increased expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). In these studies we analyzed the effects of transient inhibition of iNOS using aminoguanidine (AG) on NM-induced pulmonary toxicity. Rats were treated intratracheally with 0.125(More)
In these studies we determined whether progressive pulmonary inflammation associated with aging in surfactant protein D (Sftpd)-/- mice leads to an exacerbated response to ozone. In Sftpd-/- mice, but not wild-type (WT) mice, age-related increases in numbers of enlarged vacuolated macrophages were observed in the lung, along with alveolar wall rupture, type(More)
Nitrogen mustard (NM) is a toxic alkylating agent that causes damage to the respiratory tract. Evidence suggests that macrophages and inflammatory mediators including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)α contribute to pulmonary injury. Pentoxifylline is a TNFα inhibitor known to suppress inflammation. In these studies, we analyzed the ability of pentoxifylline to(More)
To the Editor: We would like to thank Hoyer and Scheidt for their interest in our report (1 ), and we wish to comment on points raised in their letter. Our report detailed the experience of a prospective study of more than 60 000 samples in a clinical laboratory, rather than a reference/research laboratory, with its use of HPLC. An algorithm involving(More)